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Cao, H., Liu, X., Meng, F., and Chu, P. K. Biological actions of silver nanoparticles embedded in titanium controlled by micro-galvanic effects. Biomaterials 2011;32(3):693-705. View abstract.

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Caruso, D. M., Foster, K. N., Blome-Eberwein, S. A., Twomey, J. A., Herndon, D. N., Luterman, A., Silverstein, P., Antimarino, J. R., and Bauer, G. J. Randomized clinical study of Hydrofiber dressing with silver or silver sulfadiazine in the management of partial-thickness burns. J Burn Care Res 2006;27(3):298-309. View abstract.

Castillo, P. M., Herrera, J. L., Fernandez-Montesinos, R., Caro, C., Zaderenko, A. P., Mejias, J. A., and Pozo, D. Tiopronin monolayer-protected silver nanoparticles modulate IL-6 secretion mediated by Toll-like receptor ligands. Nanomedicine.(Lond) 2008;3(5):627-635. View abstract.

Cavanagh, M. H., Burrell, R. E., and Nadworny, P. L. Evaluating antimicrobial efficacy of new commercially available silver dressings. Int Wound J 2010;7(5):394-405. View abstract.

Cha, K., Hong, H. W., Choi, Y. G., Lee, M. J., Park, J. H., Chae, H. K., Ryu, G., and Myung, H. Comparison of acute responses of mice livers to short-term exposure to nano-sized or micro-sized silver particles. Biotechnol.Lett 2008;30(11):1893-1899. View abstract.

Chadwick, P., Taherinejad, F., Hamberg, K., and Waring, M. Clinical and scientific data on a silver-containing soft-silicone foam dressing: an overview. J Wound Care 2009;18(11):483-490. View abstract.

Chae, Y. J., Pham, C. H., Lee, J., Bae, E., Yi, J., and Gu, M. B. Evaluation of the toxic impact of silver nanoparticles on Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes). Aquat.Toxicol. 10-4-2009;94(4):320-327. View abstract.

Chaloner, D. A comparative study of two silver containing dressings, Acticoat 7 and Avance in the treatment of chronic venous ulcers. 2nd World Union of Chronic Venous Ulcers 2004;134.

Chambers, H., Dumville, J. C., and Cullum, N. Silver treatments for leg ulcers: a systematic review. Wound Repair Regen. 2007;15(2):165-173. View abstract.

Chang, A. L., Khosravi, V., and Egbert, B. A case of argyria after colloidal silver ingestion. J Cutan.Pathol 2006;33(12):809-811. View abstract.

Chen, D., Xi, T., and Bai, J. Biological effects induced by nanosilver particles: in vivo study. Biomed.Mater. 2007;2(3):S126-S128. View abstract.

Chen, X. and Schluesener, H. J. Nanosilver: a nanoproduct in medical application. Toxicol.Lett 1-4-2008;176(1):1-12. View abstract.

Chen, Z., Xie, S., Shen, L., Du, Y., He, S., Li, Q., Liang, Z., Meng, X., Li, B., Xu, X., Ma, H., Huang, Y., and Shao, Y. Investigation of the interactions between silver nanoparticles and Hela cells by scanning electrochemical microscopy. Analyst 2008;133(9):1221-1228. View abstract.

Childress, B. B., Berceli, S. A., Nelson, P. R., Lee, W. A., and Ozaki, C. K. Impact of an absorbent silver-eluting dressing system on lower extremity revascularization wound complications. Ann Vasc.Surg 2007;21(5):598-602. View abstract.

Choi, J. E., Kim, S., Ahn, J. H., Youn, P., Kang, J. S., Park, K., Yi, J., and Ryu, D. Y. Induction of oxidative stress and apoptosis by silver nanoparticles in the liver of adult zebrafish. Aquat.Toxicol. 10-15-2010;100(2):151-159. View abstract.

Choi, O. and Hu, Z. Size dependent and reactive oxygen species related nanosilver toxicity to nitrifying bacteria. Environ Sci Technol. 6-15-2008;42(12):4583-4588. View abstract.

Choi, O., Clevenger, T. E., Deng, B., Surampalli, R. Y., Ross, L., Jr., and Hu, Z. Role of sulfide and ligand strength in controlling nanosilver toxicity. Water Res 2009;43(7):1879-1886. View abstract.

Choi, O., Deng, K. K., Kim, N. J., Ross, L., Jr., Surampalli, R. Y., and Hu, Z. The inhibitory effects of silver nanoparticles, silver ions, and silver chloride colloids on microbial growth. Water Res 2008;42(12):3066-3074. View abstract.

Choi, O., Yu, C. P., Esteban, Fernandez G., and Hu, Z. Interactions of nanosilver with Escherichia coli cells in planktonic and biofilm cultures. Water Res 2010;44(20):6095-6103. View abstract.

Chun, J. Y., Kang, H. K., Jeong, L., Kang, Y. O., Oh, J. E., Yeo, I. S., Jung, S. Y., Park, W. H., and Min, B. M. Epidermal cellular response to poly(vinyl alcohol) nanofibers containing silver nanoparticles. Colloids Surf.B Biointerfaces. 7-1-2010;78(2):334-342. View abstract.

Chung, I. S., Lee, M. Y., Shin, D. H., and Jung, H. R. Three systemic argyria cases after ingestion of colloidal silver solution. Int J Dermatol 2010;49(10):1175-1177. View abstract.

Collier, M. Silver dressings: more evidence is needed to support their widespread clinical use. J Wound Care 2009;18(2):77-78. View abstract.

Costa, C. S., Ronconi, J. V., Daufenbach, J. F., Goncalves, C. L., Rezin, G. T., Streck, E. L., and Paula, M. M. In vitro effects of silver nanoparticles on the mitochondrial respiratory chain. Mol.Cell Biochem. 2010;342(1-2):51-56. View abstract.

Coutts, P. and Sibbald, R. G. The effect of a silver-containing Hydrofiber dressing on superficial wound bed and bacterial balance of chronic wounds. Int Wound J 2005;2(4):348-356. View abstract.

Dabbagh, M. A., Moghimipour, E., and Sayfoddin, N. Physicochemical characterization and antimicrobial activity of nanosilver containing hydrogels. Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research 2008;7:21-28.

Das, M. R., Sarma, R. K., Saikia, R., Kale, V. S., Shelke, M. V., and Sengupta, P. Synthesis of silver nanoparticles in an aqueous suspension of graphene oxide sheets and its antimicrobial activity. Colloids Surf.B Biointerfaces. 3-1-2011;83(1):16-22. View abstract.

Dasari, T. P. and Hwang, H. M. The effect of humic acids on the cytotoxicity of silver nanoparticles to a natural aquatic bacterial assemblage. Sci Total Environ 11-1-2010;408(23):5817-5823. View abstract.

de Gracia, C. G. An open study comparing topical silver sulfadiazine and topical silver sulfadiazine-cerium nitrate in the treatment of moderate and severe burns. Burns 2001;27(1):67-74. View abstract.

De, Gusseme B., Sintubin, L., Baert, L., Thibo, E., Hennebel, T., Vermeulen, G., Uyttendaele, M., Verstraete, W., and Boon, N. Biogenic silver for disinfection of water contaminated with viruses. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2010;76(4):1082-1087. View abstract.

Deitz D and Gates J. The future is now: wound care in the 21st century. Nursing Management 2008;39(10):44-46.

Demir, E., Vales, G., Kaya, B., Creus, A., and Marcos, R. Genotoxic analysis of silver nanoparticles in Drosophila. Nanotoxicology. 11-1-2010; View abstract.

Deng, F., Olesen, P., Foldbjerg, R., Dang, D. A., Guo, X., and Autrup, H. Silver nanoparticles up-regulate Connexin43 expression and increase gap junctional intercellular communication in human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549. Nanotoxicology. 2010;4:186-195. View abstract.

Ding, T., Luo, Z. J., Zheng, Y., Hu, X. Y., and Ye, Z. X. Rapid repair and regeneration of damaged rabbit sciatic nerves by tissue-engineered scaffold made from nano-silver and collagen type I. Injury 2010;41(5):522-527. View abstract.

Dire, D. J., Coppola, M., Dwyer, D. A., Lorette, J. J., and Karr, J. L. Prospective evaluation of topical antibiotics for preventing infections in uncomplicated soft-tissue wounds repaired in the ED. Acad.Emerg.Med 1995;2(1):4-10. View abstract.

Dror-Ehre, A., Mamane, H., Belenkova, T., Markovich, G., and Adin, A. Silver nanoparticle-E. coli colloidal interaction in water and effect on E. coli survival. J Colloid Interface Sci 11-15-2009;339(2):521-526. View abstract.

Durucan, C. and Akkopru, B. Effect of calcination on microstructure and antibacterial activity of silver-containing silica coatings. J Biomed.Mater.Res B Appl Biomater. 2010;93(2):448-458. View abstract.

DVORAK, V. [Is Crede's method still necessary?]. Cesk.Oftalmol. 1950;6(3):173-176. View abstract.

Eby, D. M., Luckarift, H. R., and Johnson, G. R. Hybrid antimicrobial enzyme and silver nanoparticle coatings for medical instruments. ACS Appl Mater.Interfaces. 2009;1(7):1553-1560. View abstract.

Eby, D. M., Schaeublin, N. M., Farrington, K. E., Hussain, S. M., and Johnson, G. R. Lysozyme catalyzes the formation of antimicrobial silver nanoparticles. ACS Nano. 4-28-2009;3(4):984-994. View abstract.

Elechiguerra, J. L., Burt, J. L., Morones, J. R., Camacho-Bragado, A., Gao, X., Lara, H. H., and Yacaman, M. J. Interaction of silver nanoparticles with HIV-1. J Nanobiotechnology. 6-29-2005;3:6. View abstract.

Elliott, C. The effects of silver dressings on chronic and burns wound healing. Br J Nurs. 8-12-2010;19(15):S32-S36. View abstract.

Eom, H. J. and Choi, J. p38 MAPK activation, DNA damage, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis as mechanisms of toxicity of silver nanoparticles in Jurkat T cells. Environ Sci Technol. 11-1-2010;44(21):8337-8342. View abstract.

Esteban-Tejeda, L., Malpartida, F., Esteban-Cubillo, A., Pecharroman, C., and Moya, J. S. The antibacterial and antifungal activity of a soda-lime glass containing silver nanoparticles. Nanotechnology. 2-25-2009;20(8):085103. View abstract.

Fabrega, J., Renshaw, J. C., and Lead, J. R. Interactions of silver nanoparticles with Pseudomonas putida biofilms. Environ Sci Technol. 12-1-2009;43(23):9004-9009. View abstract.

Fang, C. H., Nathan, P., Robb, E. C., Alexander, J. W., and MacMillan, B. G. Prospective clinical study of Hydron, a synthetic dressing, in delivery of an antimicrobial drug to second-degree burns. J Burn Care Rehabil 1987;8(3):206-209. View abstract.

Farkas, J., Christian, P., Gallego-Urrea, J. A., Roos, N., Hassellov, M., Tollefsen, K. E., and Thomas, K. V. Uptake and effects of manufactured silver nanoparticles in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) gill cells. Aquat.Toxicol. 1-17-2011;101(1):117-125. View abstract.

Fernandez, A., Picouet, P., and Lloret, E. Cellulose-silver nanoparticle hybrid materials to control spoilage-related microflora in absorbent pads located in trays of fresh-cut melon. Int J Food Microbiol. 8-15-2010;142(1-2):222-228. View abstract.

Fichtner, J., Guresir, E., Seifert, V., and Raabe, A. Efficacy of silver-bearing external ventricular drainage catheters: a retrospective analysis. J Neurosurg. 2010;112(4):840-846. View abstract.

Filon, F. L., D'Agostin, F., Crosera, M., Adami, G., Rosani, R., Romano, C., Bovenzi, M., and Maina, G. [In vitro percutaneous absorption of silver nanoparticles]. G.Ital.Med Lav.Ergon. 2007;29(3 Suppl):451-452. View abstract.

Foldbjerg, R., Dang, D. A., and Autrup, H. Cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of silver nanoparticles in the human lung cancer cell line, A549. Arch Toxicol. 4-29-2010; View abstract.

Foldbjerg, R., Olesen, P., Hougaard, M., Dang, D. A., Hoffmann, H. J., and Autrup, H. PVP-coated silver nanoparticles and silver ions induce reactive oxygen species, apoptosis and necrosis in THP-1 monocytes. Toxicol.Lett 10-28-2009;190(2):156-162. View abstract.

Franco-Molina, M. A., Mendoza-Gamboa, E., Sierra-Rivera, C. A., Gomez-Flores, R. A., Zapata-Benavides, P., Castillo-Tello, P., Alcocer-Gonzalez, J. M., Miranda-Hernandez, D. F., Tamez-Guerra, R. S., and Rodriguez-Padilla, C. Antitumor activity of colloidal silver on MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. J Exp.Clin Cancer Res 2010;29:148. View abstract.

Fu, J., Ji, J., Fan, D., and Shen, J. Construction of antibacterial multilayer films containing nanosilver via layer-by-layer assembly of heparin and chitosan-silver ions complex. J Biomed.Mater.Res A 12-1-2006;79(3):665-674. View abstract.

Fumal, I., Braham, C., Paquet, P., Pierard-Franchimont, C., and Pierard, G. E. The beneficial toxicity paradox of antimicrobials in leg ulcer healing impaired by a polymicrobial flora: a proof-of-concept study. Dermatology 2002;204 Suppl 1:70-74. View abstract.

Gago, M., Garcia, F., Gaztelu, V., Verdu, J., Lopez, P., and Nolasco, A. A Comparison of Three Silver-containing Dressings in the Treatment of Infected, Chronic Wounds. WOUNDS 2008;20(10):273-278.

Galiano, K., Pleifer, C., Engelhardt, K., Brossner, G., Lackner, P., Huck, C., Lass-Florl, C., and Obwegeser, A. Silver segregation and bacterial growth of intraventricular catheters impregnated with silver nanoparticles in cerebrospinal fluid drainages. Neurol.Res 2008;30(3):285-287. View abstract.

Gangadharan, D., Harshvardan, K., Gnanasekar, G., Dixit, D., Popat, K. M., and Anand, P. S. Polymeric microspheres containing silver nanoparticles as a bactericidal agent for water disinfection. Water Res 2010;44(18):5481-5487. View abstract.

Garcia-Gomez, R., Chavez-Espinosa, J., Mejia-Chavez, A., and Durande-Bazua, C. Microbiological determinations of some vegetables from the Xochimilco zone in Mexico City, Mexico. Rev Latinoam.Microbiol. 2002;44(1):24-30. View abstract.

Gardner, G. E. Bacteria Buster: Testing Antibiotic Properties of Silver Nanoparticles. American Biology Teacher 2009;71(4):231-234.

Garza-Ocanas, L., Ferrer, D. A., Burt, J., Diaz-Torres, L. A., Ramirez, Cabrera M., Rodriguez, V. T., Lujan, Rangel R., Romanovicz, D., and Jose-Yacaman, M. Biodistribution and long-term fate of silver nanoparticles functionalized with bovine serum albumin in rats. Metallomics. 2010;2(3):204-210. View abstract.

Gerding, R. L., Emerman, C. L., Effron, D., Lukens, T., Imbembo, A. L., and Fratianne, R. B. Outpatient management of partial-thickness burns: Biobrane versus 1% silver sulfadiazine. Ann Emerg.Med 1990;19(2):121-124. View abstract.

Gerding, R. L., Imbembo, A. L., and Fratianne, R. B. Biosynthetic skin substitute vs. 1% silver sulfadiazine for treatment of inpatient partial-thickness thermal burns. J Trauma 1988;28(8):1265-1269. View abstract.

Gogoi, S. K., Gopinath, P., Paul, A., Ramesh, A., Ghosh, S. S., and Chattopadhyay, A. Green fluorescent protein-expressing Escherichia coli as a model system for investigating the antimicrobial activities of silver nanoparticles. Langmuir 10-24-2006;22(22):9322-9328. View abstract.

Gomes-Filho, J. E., Silva, F. O., Watanabe, S., Cintra, L. T., Tendoro, K. V., Dalto, L. G., Pacanaro, S. V., Lodi, C. S., and de Melo, F. F. Tissue reaction to silver nanoparticles dispersion as an alternative irrigating solution. J Endod. 2010;36(10):1698-1702. View abstract.

Gong, Z. H., Yao, J., Ji, J. F., Yang, J., and Xiang, T. Effect of ionic silver dressing combined with hydrogel on degree II burn wound healing. Journal of Clinical Rehabilitative tissue Engineering Research 2009;13(42):8373-8376.

Gopinath, P., Gogoi, S. K., Sanpui, P., Paul, A., Chattopadhyay, A., and Ghosh, S. S. Signaling gene cascade in silver nanoparticle induced apoptosis. Colloids Surf.B Biointerfaces. 6-1-2010;77(2):240-245. View abstract.

Gordon, O., Vig, Slenters T., Brunetto, P. S., Villaruz, A. E., Sturdevant, D. E., Otto, M., Landmann, R., and Fromm, K. M. Silver coordination polymers for prevention of implant infection: thiol interaction, impact on respiratory chain enzymes, and hydroxyl radical induction. Antimicrob.Agents Chemother. 2010;54(10):4208-4218. View abstract.

Gou, N., Onnis-Hayden, A., and Gu, A. Z. Mechanistic toxicity assessment of nanomaterials by whole-cell-array stress genes expression analysis. Environ Sci Technol. 8-1-2010;44(15):5964-5970. View abstract.

Greulich, C., Diendorf, J., Simon, T., Eggeler, G., Epple, M., and Koller, M. Uptake and intracellular distribution of silver nanoparticles in human mesenchymal stem cells. Acta Biomater. 2011;7(1):347-354. View abstract.

Griffitt, R. J., Hyndman, K., Denslow, N. D., and Barber, D. S. Comparison of molecular and histological changes in zebrafish gills exposed to metallic nanoparticles. Toxicol.Sci 2009;107(2):404-415. View abstract.

Grosell, M., Hogstrand, C., Wood, C. M., and Hansen, H. J. A nose-to-nose comparison of the physiological effects of exposure to ionic silver versus silver chloride in the European eel (Anguilla anguilla) and the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Aquat.Toxicol. 3-1-2000;48(2-3):327-342. View abstract.

Gurunathan, S., Lee, K. J., Kalishwaralal, K., Sheikpranbabu, S., Vaidyanathan, R., and Eom, S. H. Antiangiogenic properties of silver nanoparticles. Biomaterials 2009;30(31):6341-6350. View abstract.

Hansbrough, J. F., Achauer, B., Dawson, J., Himel, H., Luterman, A., Slater, H., Levenson, S., Salzberg, C. A., Hansbrough, W. B., and Dore, C. Wound healing in partial-thickness burn wounds treated with collagenase ointment versus silver sulfadiazine cream. J Burn Care Rehabil 1995;16(3 Pt 1):241-247. View abstract.

Heiskanen, O., Galicich, J. H., and Matson, D. D. The effect of dilute silver nitrate and silver protein solutions on the spinal cord and nerve roots. An experimental study on rabbits. Dev Med Child Neurol. 1967;9(3):281-286. View abstract.

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Jeong, G. N., Jo, U. B., Ryu, H. Y., Kim, Y. S., Song, K. S., and Yu, I. J. Histochemical study of intestinal mucins after administration of silver nanoparticles in Sprague-Dawley rats. Arch Toxicol. 2010;84(1):63-69. View abstract.

Ji, J. H., Jung, J. H., Kim, S. S., Yoon, J. U., Park, J. D., Choi, B. S., Chung, Y. H., Kwon, I. H., Jeong, J., Han, B. S., Shin, J. H., Sung, J. H., Song, K. S., and Yu, I. J. Twenty-eight-day inhalation toxicity study of silver nanoparticles in Sprague-Dawley rats. Inhal.Toxicol. 2007;19(10):857-871. View abstract.

Jin, X., Li, M., Wang, J., Marambio-Jones, C., Peng, F., Huang, X., Damoiseaux, R., and Hoek, E. M. High-throughput screening of silver nanoparticle stability and bacterial inactivation in aquatic media: influence of specific ions. Environ Sci Technol. 10-1-2010;44(19):7321-7328. View abstract.

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Jorgensen, B., Price, P., Andersen, K. E., Gottrup, F., Bech-Thomsen, N., Scanlon, E., Kirsner, R., Rheinen, H., Roed-Petersen, J., Romanelli, M., Jemec, G., Leaper, D. J., Neumann, M. H., Veraart, J., Coerper, S., Agerslev, R. H., Bendz, S. H., Larsen, J. R., and Sibbald, R. G. The silver-releasing foam dressing, Contreet Foam, promotes faster healing of critically colonised venous leg ulcers: a randomised, controlled trial. Int Wound J 2005;2(1):64-73. View abstract.

Juan, L., Zhimin, Z., Anchun, M., Lei, L., and Jingchao, Z. Deposition of silver nanoparticles on titanium surface for antibacterial effect. Int J Nanomedicine. 2010;5:261-267. View abstract.

Jude, E. B., Apelqvist, J., Spraul, M., and Martini, J. Prospective randomized controlled study of Hydrofiber dressing containing ionic silver or calcium alginate dressings in non-ischaemic diabetic foot ulcers. Diabet.Med 2007;24(3):280-288. View abstract.

Jun, E. A., Lim, K. M., Kim, K., Bae, O. N., Noh, J. Y., Chung, K. H., and Chung, J. H. Silver nanoparticles enhance thrombus formation through increased platelet aggregation and procoagulant activity. Nanotoxicology. 9-7-2010; View abstract.

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Jurczak, F., Dugre, T., Johnstone, A., Offori, T., Vujovic, Z., and Hollander, D. Randomised clinical trial of Hydrofiber dressing with silver versus povidone-iodine gauze in the management of open surgical and traumatic wounds. Int Wound J 2007;4(1):66-76. View abstract.

Kalishwaralal, K., Banumathi, E., Ram Kumar, Pandian S., Deepak, V., Muniyandi, J., Eom, S. H., and Gurunathan, S. Silver nanoparticles inhibit VEGF induced cell proliferation and migration in bovine retinal endothelial cells. Colloids Surf.B Biointerfaces. 10-1-2009;73(1):51-57. View abstract.

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Karlsmark, T., Agerslev, R. H., Bendz, S. H., Larsen, J. R., Roed-Petersen, J., and Andersen, K. E. Clinical performance of a new silver dressing, Contreet Foam, for chronic exuding venous leg ulcers. J Wound Care 2003;12(9):351-354. View abstract.

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Kemp, M. M., Kumar, A., Mousa, S., Dyskin, E., Yalcin, M., Ajayan, P., Linhardt, R. J., and Mousa, S. A. Gold and silver nanoparticles conjugated with heparin derivative possess anti-angiogenesis properties. Nanotechnology. 11-11-2009;20(45):455104. View abstract.

Kennedy, A. J., Hull, M. S., Bednar, A. J., Goss, J. D., Gunter, J. C., Bouldin, J. L., Vikesland, P. J., and Steevens, J. A. Fractionating nanosilver: importance for determining toxicity to aquatic test organisms. Environ Sci Technol. 12-15-2010;44(24):9571-9577. View abstract.

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Kim, J. S., Kuk, E., Yu, K. N., Kim, J. H., Park, S. J., Lee, H. J., Kim, S. H., Park, Y. K., Park, Y. H., Hwang, C. Y., Kim, Y. K., Lee, Y. S., Jeong, D. H., and Cho, M. H. Antimicrobial effects of silver nanoparticles. Nanomedicine. 2007;3(1):95-101. View abstract.

Kim, J., Kim, S., and Lee, S. Differentiation of the toxicities of silver nanoparticles and silver ions to the Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes) and the cladoceran Daphnia magna. Nanotoxicology. 8-31-2010; View abstract.

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Kim, K. J., Sung, W. S., Moon, S. K., Choi, J. S., Kim, J. G., and Lee, D. G. Antifungal effect of silver nanoparticles on dermatophytes. J Microbiol.Biotechnol. 2008;18(8):1482-1484. View abstract.

Kim, S. W., Kim, K. S., Lamsal, K., Kim, Y. J., Kim, S. B., Jung, M., Sim, S. J., Kim, H. S., Chang, S. J., Kim, J. K., and Lee, Y. S. An in vitro study of the antifungal effect of silver nanoparticles on oak wilt pathogen Raffaelea sp. J Microbiol.Biotechnol. 2009;19(8):760-764. View abstract.

Kim, S., Choi, J. E., Choi, J., Chung, K. H., Park, K., Yi, J., and Ryu, D. Y. Oxidative stress-dependent toxicity of silver nanoparticles in human hepatoma cells. Toxicol.In Vitro 2009;23(6):1076-1084. View abstract.

Kim, W. Y., Kim, J., Park, J. D., Ryu, H. Y., and Yu, I. J. Histological study of gender differences in accumulation of silver nanoparticles in kidneys of Fischer 344 rats. J Toxicol.Environ Health A 2009;72(21-22):1279-1284. View abstract.

Kim, Y. S., Kim, J. S., Cho, H. S., Rha, D. S., Kim, J. M., Park, J. D., Choi, B. S., Lim, R., Chang, H. K., Chung, Y. H., Kwon, I. H., Jeong, J., Han, B. S., and Yu, I. J. Twenty-eight-day oral toxicity, genotoxicity, and gender-related tissue distribution of silver nanoparticles in Sprague-Dawley rats. Inhal.Toxicol. 2008;20(6):575-583. View abstract.

Kim, Y. S., Song, M. Y., Park, J. D., Song, K. S., Ryu, H. R., Chung, Y. H., Chang, H. K., Lee, J. H., Oh, K. H., Kelman, B. J., Hwang, I. K., and Yu, I. J. Subchronic oral toxicity of silver nanoparticles. Part Fibre.Toxicol. 2010;7:20. View abstract.

Kim, Y., Suh, H. S., Cha, H. J., Kim, S. H., Jeong, K. S., and Kim, D. H. A case of generalized argyria after ingestion of colloidal silver solution. Am J Ind.Med 2009;52(3):246-250. View abstract.

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Krishnaraj, C., Jagan, E. G., Rajasekar, S., Selvakumar, P., Kalaichelvan, P. T., and Mohan, N. Synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Acalypha indica leaf extracts and its antibacterial activity against water borne pathogens. Colloids Surf.B Biointerfaces. 3-1-2010;76(1):50-56. View abstract.

Kumari, M., Mukherjee, A., and Chandrasekaran, N. Genotoxicity of silver nanoparticles in Allium cepa. Sci Total Environ 9-15-2009;407(19):5243-5246. View abstract.

Kwon, H. B., Lee, J. H., Lee, S. H., Lee, A. Y., Choi, J. S., and Ahn, Y. S. A case of argyria following colloidal silver ingestion. Ann Dermatol 2009;21(3):308-310. View abstract.

Laban, G., Nies, L. F., Turco, R. F., Bickham, J. W., and Sepulveda, M. S. The effects of silver nanoparticles on fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas) embryos. Ecotoxicology. 2010;19(1):185-195. View abstract.

Lackner, P., Beer, R., Broessner, G., Helbok, R., Galiano, K., Pleifer, C., Pfausler, B., Brenneis, C., Huck, C., Engelhardt, K., Obwegeser, A. A., and Schmutzhard, E. Efficacy of silver nanoparticles-impregnated external ventricular drain catheters in patients with acute occlusive hydrocephalus. Neurocrit.Care 2008;8(3):360-365. View abstract.

Lamb, J. G., Hathaway, L. B., Munger, M. A., Raucy, J. L., and Franklin, M. R. Nanosilver particle effects on drug metabolism in vitro. Drug Metab Dispos. 2010;38(12):2246-2251. View abstract.

Lankveld, D. P., Oomen, A. G., Krystek, P., Neigh, A., Troost-de, Jong A., Noorlander, C. W., Van Eijkeren, J. C., Geertsma, R. E., and De Jong, W. H. The kinetics of the tissue distribution of silver nanoparticles of different sizes. Biomaterials 2010;31(32):8350-8361. View abstract.

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Lapied, E., Moudilou, E., Exbrayat, J. M., Oughton, D. H., and Joner, E. J. Silver nanoparticle exposure causes apoptotic response in the earthworm Lumbricus terrestris (Oligochaeta). Nanomedicine.(Lond) 2010;5(6):975-984. View abstract.

Lara, H. H., Ayala-Nunez, N. V., Ixtepan-Turrent, L., and Rodriguez-Padilla, C. Mode of antiviral action of silver nanoparticles against HIV-1. J Nanobiotechnology. 2010;8:1. View abstract.

Lara, H. H., Ixtepan-Turrent, L., Garza-Trevino, E. N., and Rodriguez-Padilla, C. PVP-coated silver nanoparticles block the transmission of cell-free and cell-associated HIV-1 in human cervical culture. J Nanobiotechnology. 2010;8:15. View abstract.

Larese, F. F., D'Agostin, F., Crosera, M., Adami, G., Renzi, N., Bovenzi, M., and Maina, G. Human skin penetration of silver nanoparticles through intact and damaged skin. Toxicology 1-8-2009;255(1-2):33-37. View abstract.

Lazareth, I., Ourabah, Z., Senet, P., Cartier, H., Sauvadet, A., and Bohbot, S. Evaluation of a new silver foam dressing in patients with critically colonised venous leg ulcers. J Wound Care 2007;16(3):129-132. View abstract.

Lee, B. U., Yun, S. H., Ji, J. H., and Bae, G. N. Inactivation of S. epidermidis, B. subtilis, and E. coli bacteria bioaerosols deposited on a filter utilizing airborne silver nanoparticles. J Microbiol.Biotechnol. 2008;18(1):176-182. View abstract.

Lee, K. J., Nallathamby, P. D., Browning, L. M., Osgood, C. J., and Xu, X. H. In vivo imaging of transport and biocompatibility of single silver nanoparticles in early development of zebrafish embryos. ACS Nano. 2007;1(2):133-143. View abstract.

Lee, K. The experience of applying silver-containing hydrofiber dressings on refractory problem wounds. World Council on Enterostomal Therapists Journal 2009;29(4):29.

Lee, S. H., Sung, K., Chung, T. M., Lee, S. G., Min, K. D., Koo, S., and Kim, C. G. Preparation of silver nanoparticles and antibiotic test of its polycarbonate films composite. J Nanosci.Nanotechnol. 2008;8(9):4734-4737. View abstract.

Li, Q., Mahendra, S., Lyon, D. Y., Brunet, L., Liga, M. V., Li, D., and Alvarez, P. J. Antimicrobial nanomaterials for water disinfection and microbial control: potential applications and implications. Water Res 2008;42(18):4591-4602. View abstract.

Li, T., Albee, B., Alemayehu, M., Diaz, R., Ingham, L., Kamal, S., Rodriguez, M., and Bishnoi, S. W. Comparative toxicity study of Ag, Au, and Ag-Au bimetallic nanoparticles on Daphnia magna. Anal Bioanal.Chem. 2010;398(2):689-700. View abstract.

Li, W. R., Xie, X. B., Shi, Q. S., Duan, S. S., Ouyang, Y. S., and Chen, Y. B. Antibacterial effect of silver nanoparticles on Staphylococcus aureus. Biometals 2011;24(1):135-141. View abstract.

Li, W. R., Xie, X. B., Shi, Q. S., Zeng, H. Y., Ou-Yang, Y. S., and Chen, Y. B. Antibacterial activity and mechanism of silver nanoparticles on Escherichia coli. Appl Microbiol.Biotechnol. 2010;85(4):1115-1122. View abstract.

Liang, Z., Das, A., and Hu, Z. Bacterial response to a shock load of nanosilver in an activated sludge treatment system. Water Res 2010;44(18):5432-5438. View abstract.

Liao, J., Anchun, M., Zhu, Z., and Quan, Y. Antibacterial titanium plate deposited by silver nanoparticles exhibits cell compatibility. Int J Nanomedicine. 2010;5:337-342. View abstract.

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Liu, J., Sonshine, D. A., Shervani, S., and Hurt, R. H. Controlled release of biologically active silver from nanosilver surfaces. ACS Nano. 11-23-2010;4(11):6903-6913. View abstract.

Liu, W., Wu, Y., Wang, C., Li, H. C., Wang, T., Liao, C. Y., Cui, L., Zhou, Q. F., Yan, B., and Jiang, G. B. Impact of silver nanoparticles on human cells: effect of particle size. Nanotoxicology. 2010;4(3):319-330. View abstract.

Liu, X., Lee, P. Y., Ho, C. M., Lui, V. C., Chen, Y., Che, C. M., Tam, P. K., and Wong, K. K. Silver nanoparticles mediate differential responses in keratinocytes and fibroblasts during skin wound healing. ChemMedChem. 3-1-2010;5(3):468-475. View abstract.

Liu, X., Lin, T., Fang, J., Yao, G., Zhao, H., Dodson, M., and Wang, X. In vivo wound healing and antibacterial performances of electrospun nanofibre membranes. J Biomed.Mater.Res A 2010;94(2):499-508. View abstract.

Liu, Z., Ren, G., Zhang, T., and Yang, Z. Action potential changes associated with the inhibitory effects on voltage-gated sodium current of hippocampal CA1 neurons by silver nanoparticles. Toxicology 10-29-2009;264(3):179-184. View abstract.

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Lo, S. F., Chang, C. J., Hu, W. Y., Hayter, M., and Chang, Y. T. The effectiveness of silver-releasing dressings in the management of non-healing chronic wounds: a meta-analysis. J Clin Nurs. 2009;18(5):716-728. View abstract.

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Lok, C. N., Ho, C. M., Chen, R., He, Q. Y., Yu, W. Y., Sun, H., Tam, P. K., Chiu, J. F., and Che, C. M. Proteomic analysis of the mode of antibacterial action of silver nanoparticles. J Proteome.Res 2006;5(4):916-924. View abstract.

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Lu, L., Sun, R. W., Chen, R., Hui, C. K., Ho, C. M., Luk, J. M., Lau, G. K., and Che, C. M. Silver nanoparticles inhibit hepatitis B virus replication. Antivir.Ther 2008;13(2):253-262. View abstract.

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Madhumathi, K., Sudheesh Kumar, P. T., Abhilash, S., Sreeja, V., Tamura, H., Manzoor, K., Nair, S. V., and Jayakumar, R. Development of novel chitin/nanosilver composite scaffolds for wound dressing applications. J Mater.Sci Mater.Med 2010;21(2):807-813. View abstract.

Marini, M., De, Niederhausern S., Iseppi, R., Bondi, M., Sabia, C., Toselli, M., and Pilati, F. Antibacterial activity of plastics coated with silver-doped organic-inorganic hybrid coatings prepared by sol-gel processes. Biomacromolecules. 2007;8(4):1246-1254. View abstract.

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Mehrbod, P., Motamed, N., Tabatabaian, M., Soleimani Estyar, R., Amini, E., Shahidi, M., and Kheiri, M. T. In vitro antiviral effect of "nanosilver" on influenza virus. Daru 8-25-2009;17(2):88-93.

Melaiye, A., Sun, Z., Hindi, K., Milsted, A., Ely, D., Reneker, D. H., Tessier, C. A., and Youngs, W. J. Silver(I)-imidazole cyclophane gem-diol complexes encapsulated by electrospun tecophilic nanofibers: formation of nanosilver particles and antimicrobial activity. J Am Chem.Soc 2-23-2005;127(7):2285-2291. View abstract.

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Mohammed, Fayaz A., Balaji, K., Girilal, M., Kalaichelvan, P. T., and Venkatesan, R. Mycobased synthesis of silver nanoparticles and their incorporation into sodium alginate films for vegetable and fruit preservation. J Agric.Food Chem. 7-22-2009;57(14):6246-6252. View abstract.

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Muangman, P., Chuntrasakul, C., Silthram, S., Suvanchote, S., Benjathanung, R., Kittidacha, S., and Rueksomtawin, S. Comparison of efficacy of 1% silver sulfadiazine and Acticoat for treatment of partial-thickness burn wounds. J Med Assoc.Thai. 2006;89(7):953-958. View abstract.

Muangman, P., Pundee, C., Opasanon, S., and Muangman, S. A prospective, randomized trial of silver containing hydrofiber dressing versus 1% silver sulfadiazine for the treatment of partial thickness burns. Int Wound J 2010;7(4):271-276. View abstract.

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Powers, C. M., Yen, J., Linney, E. A., Seidler, F. J., and Slotkin, T. A. Silver exposure in developing zebrafish (Danio rerio): persistent effects on larval behavior and survival. Neurotoxicol.Teratol. 2010;32(3):391-397. View abstract.

Pozdniak, L. V., Chernov, A. N., Chekan, N. M., Beliauski, N. M., Akulich, V. V., Poljanskaya, G. G., Gordienko, A. I., and Kulchitsky, V. A. Proliferation and survival of rat C6 glioma culture in the presence of implants coated with modified carbon-based films. Bull Exp.Biol Med 2009;148(2):253-256. View abstract.

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Rayman, G., Rayman, A., Baker, N. R., Jurgeviciene, N., Dargis, V., Sulcaite, R., Pantelejeva, O., Harding, K. G., Price, P., Lohmann, M., Thomsen, J. K., Gad, P., and Gottrup, F. Sustained silver-releasing dressing in the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers. Br J Nurs. 1-27-2005;14(2):109-114. View abstract.

Rhee, D. Y., Chang, S. E., Lee, M. W., Choi, J. H., Moon, K. C., and Koh, J. K. Treatment of argyria after colloidal silver ingestion using Q-switched 1,064-nm Nd:YAG laser. Dermatol Surg 2008;34(10):1427-1430. View abstract.

Ringwood, A. H., McCarthy, M., Bates, T. C., and Carroll, D. L. The effects of silver nanoparticles on oyster embryos. Mar.Environ Res 2010;69 Suppl:S49-S51. View abstract.

Roe, D., Karandikar, B., Bonn-Savage, N., Gibbins, B., and Roullet, J. B. Antimicrobial surface functionalization of plastic catheters by silver nanoparticles. J Antimicrob.Chemother. 2008;61(4):869-876. View abstract.

Roh, J. Y., Sim, S. J., Yi, J., Park, K., Chung, K. H., Ryu, D. Y., and Choi, J. Ecotoxicity of silver nanoparticles on the soil nematode Caenorhabditis elegans using functional ecotoxicogenomics. Environ Sci Technol. 5-15-2009;43(10):3933-3940. View abstract.

Romanelli, M. and Price, P. Health-related quality of life aspects after treatment with a foam dressing and a silver-containing foam dressing in chronic leg ulcers. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 2005;52:21.

Romanko, M. I., Rieznichenko, L. S., Hruzina, T. H., Dybkova, S. M., Ul'berh, Z. R., Ushkalov, V. O., and Holovko, A. M. [Influence of gold and silver nanoparticles on ATPase activity of native and rehydrated cells of Escherichia coli]. Ukr.Biokhim.Zh. 2009;81(6):70-76. View abstract.

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Rosas-Hernandez, H., Jimenez-Badillo, S., Martinez-Cuevas, P. P., Gracia-Espino, E., Terrones, H., Terrones, M., Hussain, S. M., Ali, S. F., and Gonzalez, C. Effects of 45-nm silver nanoparticles on coronary endothelial cells and isolated rat aortic rings. Toxicol.Lett 12-15-2009;191(2-3):305-313. View abstract.

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Safaepour, M., Shahverdi, A. R., Shahverdi, H. R., Khorramizadeh, M. R., and Gohari, A. R. Green synthesis of small silver nanoparticles using geraniol and its cytotoxicity against Fibrosarcoma-Wehi 164. Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology 2009;1(2):111-115.

Sakai, N., Aoki, M., Miyazawa, S., Akita, M., Takezaki, S., and Kawana, S. A case of generalized argyria caused by the use of silver protein as a disinfection medicine. Acta Derm.Venereol. 2007;87(2):186-187. View abstract.

Samberg, M. E., Oldenburg, S. J., and Monteiro-Riviere, N. A. Evaluation of silver nanoparticle toxicity in skin in vivo and keratinocytes in vitro. Environ Health Perspect. 2010;118(3):407-413. View abstract.

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Samuel, U. and Guggenbichler, J. P. Prevention of catheter-related infections: the potential of a new nano-silver impregnated catheter. Int J Antimicrob.Agents 2004;23 Suppl 1:S75-S78. View abstract.

Santhoshkumar, T., Rahuman, A. A., Rajakumar, G., Marimuthu, S., Bagavan, A., Jayaseelan, C., Zahir, A. A., Elango, G., and Kamaraj, C. Synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Nelumbo nucifera leaf extract and its larvicidal activity against malaria and filariasis vectors. Parasitol.Res 10-27-2010; View abstract.

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Sap-Iam, N., Homklinchan, C., and Larpudomlert, R. UV Irradiation-induced Silver Nanoparticles as Mosquito Larvicides. Journal of Applied Sciences 2010;10(23):3132-3136.

Saravanan, M. and Nanda, A. Extracellular synthesis of silver bionanoparticles from Aspergillus clavatus and its antimicrobial activity against MRSA and MRSE. Colloids Surf.B Biointerfaces. 6-1-2010;77(2):214-218. View abstract.

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Sathishkumar, M., Sneha, K., Won, S. W., Cho, C. W., Kim, S., and Yun, Y. S. Cinnamon zeylanicum bark extract and powder mediated green synthesis of nano-crystalline silver particles and its bactericidal activity. Colloids Surf.B Biointerfaces. 10-15-2009;73(2):332-338. View abstract.

Sawosz, E., Binek, M., Grodzik, M., Zielinska, M., Sysa, P., Szmidt, M., Niemiec, T., and Chwalibog, A. Influence of hydrocolloidal silver nanoparticles on gastrointestinal microflora and morphology of enterocytes of quails. Arch Anim Nutr 2007;61(6):444-451. View abstract.

Saxena, S., Ray, A. R., Kapil, A., Pavon-Djavid, G., Letourneur, D., Gupta, B., and Meddahi-Pelle, A. Development of a New Polypropylene-Based Suture: Plasma Grafting, Surface Treatment, Characterization, and Biocompatibility Studies. Macromol.Biosci. 11-22-2010; View abstract.

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Scown, T. M., Santos, E. M., Johnston, B. D., Gaiser, B., Baalousha, M., Mitov, S., Lead, J. R., Stone, V., Fernandes, T. F., Jepson, M., van, Aerle R., and Tyler, C. R. Effects of aqueous exposure to silver nanoparticles of different sizes in rainbow trout. Toxicol.Sci 2010;115(2):521-534. View abstract.

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Seth, D., Choudhury, S. R., Pradhan, S., Gupta, S., Palit, D., Das, S., Debnath, N., and Goswami, A. Nature-inspired Novel Drug Design Paradigm Using Nanosilver: Efficacy on Multi-Drug-Resistant Clinical Isolates of Tuberculosis. Curr Microbiol. 10-10-2010; View abstract.

Sharma, V. K., Yngard, R. A., and Lin, Y. Silver nanoparticles: green synthesis and their antimicrobial activities. Adv.Colloid Interface Sci 1-30-2009;145(1-2):83-96. View abstract.

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Sheikh, F. A., Barakat, N. A., Kanjwal, M. A., Nirmala, R., Lee, J. H., Kim, H., and Kim, H. Y. Electrospun titanium dioxide nanofibers containing hydroxyapatite and silver nanoparticles as future implant materials. J Mater.Sci Mater.Med 2010;21(9):2551-2559. View abstract.

Sheikpranbabu, S., Kalishwaralal, K., Lee, K. J., Vaidyanathan, R., Eom, S. H., and Gurunathan, S. The inhibition of advanced glycation end-products-induced retinal vascular permeability by silver nanoparticles. Biomaterials 2010;31(8):2260-2271. View abstract.

Sheikpranbabu, S., Kalishwaralal, K., Venkataraman, D., Eom, S. H., Park, J., and Gurunathan, S. Silver nanoparticles inhibit VEGF-and IL-1beta-induced vascular permeability via Src dependent pathway in porcine retinal endothelial cells. J Nanobiotechnology. 2009;7:8. View abstract.

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Shikina, M. I., Siniak, IuE, Chizhov, S. V., and Kolesina, N. B. [Effect of silver preparations on the microflora regenerated from a condensate of atmospheric water vapor in a hermetically-sealed chamber]. Kosm.Biol Aviakosm.Med 1987;21(3):80-82. View abstract.


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Shrivastava, S., Singh, S. K., Mukhopadhyay, A., Sinha, A. S., Mandal, R. K., and Dash, D. Negative regulation of fibrin polymerization and clot formation by nanoparticles of silver. Colloids Surf.B Biointerfaces. 1-1-2011;82(1):241-246. View abstract.

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Sigal-Grinberg, M, Senet, P, Lazareth, I., Sauvadet, A., and Bohbot, S. Evaluation of a New Contact Layer Impregnated with Silver Salts in the Management of Critically Colonized Venous Leg Ulcers. Result of a Randomized Clinical Trial. Proceedings of the 17th Conference of the European Wound Management Association. 2007;

Silva, L. R., Gurgel, R. Q., Lima, D. R., and Cuevas, L. E. Current usefulness of Crede's method of preventing neonatal ophthalmia. Ann Trop.Paediatr. 2008;28(1):45-48. View abstract.

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