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Castillo, P. M., Herrera, J. L., Fernandez-Montesinos, R., Caro, C., Zaderenko, A. P., Mejias, J. A., and Pozo, D. Tiopronin monolayer-protected silver nanoparticles modulate IL-6 secretion mediated by Toll-like receptor ligands. Nanomedicine.(Lond) 2008;3(5):627-635. View abstract.

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Choi, J. E., Kim, S., Ahn, J. H., Youn, P., Kang, J. S., Park, K., Yi, J., and Ryu, D. Y. Induction of oxidative stress and apoptosis by silver nanoparticles in the liver of adult zebrafish. Aquat.Toxicol. 10-15-2010;100(2):151-159. View abstract.

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Coutts, P. and Sibbald, R. G. The effect of a silver-containing Hydrofiber dressing on superficial wound bed and bacterial balance of chronic wounds. Int Wound J 2005;2(4):348-356. View abstract.

Dabbagh, M. A., Moghimipour, E., and Sayfoddin, N. Physicochemical characterization and antimicrobial activity of nanosilver containing hydrogels. Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research 2008;7:21-28.

Das, M. R., Sarma, R. K., Saikia, R., Kale, V. S., Shelke, M. V., and Sengupta, P. Synthesis of silver nanoparticles in an aqueous suspension of graphene oxide sheets and its antimicrobial activity. Colloids Surf.B Biointerfaces. 3-1-2011;83(1):16-22. View abstract.

Dasari, T. P. and Hwang, H. M. The effect of humic acids on the cytotoxicity of silver nanoparticles to a natural aquatic bacterial assemblage. Sci Total Environ 11-1-2010;408(23):5817-5823. View abstract.

de Gracia, C. G. An open study comparing topical silver sulfadiazine and topical silver sulfadiazine-cerium nitrate in the treatment of moderate and severe burns. Burns 2001;27(1):67-74. View abstract.

De, Gusseme B., Sintubin, L., Baert, L., Thibo, E., Hennebel, T., Vermeulen, G., Uyttendaele, M., Verstraete, W., and Boon, N. Biogenic silver for disinfection of water contaminated with viruses. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2010;76(4):1082-1087. View abstract.

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Demir, E., Vales, G., Kaya, B., Creus, A., and Marcos, R. Genotoxic analysis of silver nanoparticles in Drosophila. Nanotoxicology. 11-1-2010; View abstract.

Deng, F., Olesen, P., Foldbjerg, R., Dang, D. A., Guo, X., and Autrup, H. Silver nanoparticles up-regulate Connexin43 expression and increase gap junctional intercellular communication in human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549. Nanotoxicology. 2010;4:186-195. View abstract.

Ding, T., Luo, Z. J., Zheng, Y., Hu, X. Y., and Ye, Z. X. Rapid repair and regeneration of damaged rabbit sciatic nerves by tissue-engineered scaffold made from nano-silver and collagen type I. Injury 2010;41(5):522-527. View abstract.

Dire, D. J., Coppola, M., Dwyer, D. A., Lorette, J. J., and Karr, J. L. Prospective evaluation of topical antibiotics for preventing infections in uncomplicated soft-tissue wounds repaired in the ED. Acad.Emerg.Med 1995;2(1):4-10. View abstract.

Dror-Ehre, A., Mamane, H., Belenkova, T., Markovich, G., and Adin, A. Silver nanoparticle-E. coli colloidal interaction in water and effect on E. coli survival. J Colloid Interface Sci 11-15-2009;339(2):521-526. View abstract.

Durucan, C. and Akkopru, B. Effect of calcination on microstructure and antibacterial activity of silver-containing silica coatings. J Biomed.Mater.Res B Appl Biomater. 2010;93(2):448-458. View abstract.

DVORAK, V. [Is Crede's method still necessary?]. Cesk.Oftalmol. 1950;6(3):173-176. View abstract.

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Eby, D. M., Schaeublin, N. M., Farrington, K. E., Hussain, S. M., and Johnson, G. R. Lysozyme catalyzes the formation of antimicrobial silver nanoparticles. ACS Nano. 4-28-2009;3(4):984-994. View abstract.

Elechiguerra, J. L., Burt, J. L., Morones, J. R., Camacho-Bragado, A., Gao, X., Lara, H. H., and Yacaman, M. J. Interaction of silver nanoparticles with HIV-1. J Nanobiotechnology. 6-29-2005;3:6. View abstract.

Elliott, C. The effects of silver dressings on chronic and burns wound healing. Br J Nurs. 8-12-2010;19(15):S32-S36. View abstract.

Eom, H. J. and Choi, J. p38 MAPK activation, DNA damage, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis as mechanisms of toxicity of silver nanoparticles in Jurkat T cells. Environ Sci Technol. 11-1-2010;44(21):8337-8342. View abstract.

Esteban-Tejeda, L., Malpartida, F., Esteban-Cubillo, A., Pecharroman, C., and Moya, J. S. The antibacterial and antifungal activity of a soda-lime glass containing silver nanoparticles. Nanotechnology. 2-25-2009;20(8):085103. View abstract.

Fabrega, J., Renshaw, J. C., and Lead, J. R. Interactions of silver nanoparticles with Pseudomonas putida biofilms. Environ Sci Technol. 12-1-2009;43(23):9004-9009. View abstract.

Fang, C. H., Nathan, P., Robb, E. C., Alexander, J. W., and MacMillan, B. G. Prospective clinical study of Hydron, a synthetic dressing, in delivery of an antimicrobial drug to second-degree burns. J Burn Care Rehabil 1987;8(3):206-209. View abstract.

Farkas, J., Christian, P., Gallego-Urrea, J. A., Roos, N., Hassellov, M., Tollefsen, K. E., and Thomas, K. V. Uptake and effects of manufactured silver nanoparticles in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) gill cells. Aquat.Toxicol. 1-17-2011;101(1):117-125. View abstract.

Fernandez, A., Picouet, P., and Lloret, E. Cellulose-silver nanoparticle hybrid materials to control spoilage-related microflora in absorbent pads located in trays of fresh-cut melon. Int J Food Microbiol. 8-15-2010;142(1-2):222-228. View abstract.

Fichtner, J., Guresir, E., Seifert, V., and Raabe, A. Efficacy of silver-bearing external ventricular drainage catheters: a retrospective analysis. J Neurosurg. 2010;112(4):840-846. View abstract.

Filon, F. L., D'Agostin, F., Crosera, M., Adami, G., Rosani, R., Romano, C., Bovenzi, M., and Maina, G. [In vitro percutaneous absorption of silver nanoparticles]. G.Ital.Med Lav.Ergon. 2007;29(3 Suppl):451-452. View abstract.

Foldbjerg, R., Dang, D. A., and Autrup, H. Cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of silver nanoparticles in the human lung cancer cell line, A549. Arch Toxicol. 4-29-2010; View abstract.

Foldbjerg, R., Olesen, P., Hougaard, M., Dang, D. A., Hoffmann, H. J., and Autrup, H. PVP-coated silver nanoparticles and silver ions induce reactive oxygen species, apoptosis and necrosis in THP-1 monocytes. Toxicol.Lett 10-28-2009;190(2):156-162. View abstract.

Franco-Molina, M. A., Mendoza-Gamboa, E., Sierra-Rivera, C. A., Gomez-Flores, R. A., Zapata-Benavides, P., Castillo-Tello, P., Alcocer-Gonzalez, J. M., Miranda-Hernandez, D. F., Tamez-Guerra, R. S., and Rodriguez-Padilla, C. Antitumor activity of colloidal silver on MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. J Exp.Clin Cancer Res 2010;29:148. View abstract.

Fu, J., Ji, J., Fan, D., and Shen, J. Construction of antibacterial multilayer films containing nanosilver via layer-by-layer assembly of heparin and chitosan-silver ions complex. J Biomed.Mater.Res A 12-1-2006;79(3):665-674. View abstract.

Fumal, I., Braham, C., Paquet, P., Pierard-Franchimont, C., and Pierard, G. E. The beneficial toxicity paradox of antimicrobials in leg ulcer healing impaired by a polymicrobial flora: a proof-of-concept study. Dermatology 2002;204 Suppl 1:70-74. View abstract.

Gago, M., Garcia, F., Gaztelu, V., Verdu, J., Lopez, P., and Nolasco, A. A Comparison of Three Silver-containing Dressings in the Treatment of Infected, Chronic Wounds. WOUNDS 2008;20(10):273-278.

Galiano, K., Pleifer, C., Engelhardt, K., Brossner, G., Lackner, P., Huck, C., Lass-Florl, C., and Obwegeser, A. Silver segregation and bacterial growth of intraventricular catheters impregnated with silver nanoparticles in cerebrospinal fluid drainages. Neurol.Res 2008;30(3):285-287. View abstract.

Gangadharan, D., Harshvardan, K., Gnanasekar, G., Dixit, D., Popat, K. M., and Anand, P. S. Polymeric microspheres containing silver nanoparticles as a bactericidal agent for water disinfection. Water Res 2010;44(18):5481-5487. View abstract.

Garcia-Gomez, R., Chavez-Espinosa, J., Mejia-Chavez, A., and Durande-Bazua, C. Microbiological determinations of some vegetables from the Xochimilco zone in Mexico City, Mexico. Rev Latinoam.Microbiol. 2002;44(1):24-30. View abstract.

Gardner, G. E. Bacteria Buster: Testing Antibiotic Properties of Silver Nanoparticles. American Biology Teacher 2009;71(4):231-234.

Garza-Ocanas, L., Ferrer, D. A., Burt, J., Diaz-Torres, L. A., Ramirez, Cabrera M., Rodriguez, V. T., Lujan, Rangel R., Romanovicz, D., and Jose-Yacaman, M. Biodistribution and long-term fate of silver nanoparticles functionalized with bovine serum albumin in rats. Metallomics. 2010;2(3):204-210. View abstract.

Gerding, R. L., Emerman, C. L., Effron, D., Lukens, T., Imbembo, A. L., and Fratianne, R. B. Outpatient management of partial-thickness burns: Biobrane versus 1% silver sulfadiazine. Ann Emerg.Med 1990;19(2):121-124. View abstract.

Gerding, R. L., Imbembo, A. L., and Fratianne, R. B. Biosynthetic skin substitute vs. 1% silver sulfadiazine for treatment of inpatient partial-thickness thermal burns. J Trauma 1988;28(8):1265-1269. View abstract.

Gogoi, S. K., Gopinath, P., Paul, A., Ramesh, A., Ghosh, S. S., and Chattopadhyay, A. Green fluorescent protein-expressing Escherichia coli as a model system for investigating the antimicrobial activities of silver nanoparticles. Langmuir 10-24-2006;22(22):9322-9328. View abstract.

Gomes-Filho, J. E., Silva, F. O., Watanabe, S., Cintra, L. T., Tendoro, K. V., Dalto, L. G., Pacanaro, S. V., Lodi, C. S., and de Melo, F. F. Tissue reaction to silver nanoparticles dispersion as an alternative irrigating solution. J Endod. 2010;36(10):1698-1702. View abstract.

Gong, Z. H., Yao, J., Ji, J. F., Yang, J., and Xiang, T. Effect of ionic silver dressing combined with hydrogel on degree II burn wound healing. Journal of Clinical Rehabilitative tissue Engineering Research 2009;13(42):8373-8376.

Gopinath, P., Gogoi, S. K., Sanpui, P., Paul, A., Chattopadhyay, A., and Ghosh, S. S. Signaling gene cascade in silver nanoparticle induced apoptosis. Colloids Surf.B Biointerfaces. 6-1-2010;77(2):240-245. View abstract.

Gordon, O., Vig, Slenters T., Brunetto, P. S., Villaruz, A. E., Sturdevant, D. E., Otto, M., Landmann, R., and Fromm, K. M. Silver coordination polymers for prevention of implant infection: thiol interaction, impact on respiratory chain enzymes, and hydroxyl radical induction. Antimicrob.Agents Chemother. 2010;54(10):4208-4218. View abstract.

Gou, N., Onnis-Hayden, A., and Gu, A. Z. Mechanistic toxicity assessment of nanomaterials by whole-cell-array stress genes expression analysis. Environ Sci Technol. 8-1-2010;44(15):5964-5970. View abstract.

Greulich, C., Diendorf, J., Simon, T., Eggeler, G., Epple, M., and Koller, M. Uptake and intracellular distribution of silver nanoparticles in human mesenchymal stem cells. Acta Biomater. 2011;7(1):347-354. View abstract.

Griffitt, R. J., Hyndman, K., Denslow, N. D., and Barber, D. S. Comparison of molecular and histological changes in zebrafish gills exposed to metallic nanoparticles. Toxicol.Sci 2009;107(2):404-415. View abstract.

Grosell, M., Hogstrand, C., Wood, C. M., and Hansen, H. J. A nose-to-nose comparison of the physiological effects of exposure to ionic silver versus silver chloride in the European eel (Anguilla anguilla) and the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Aquat.Toxicol. 3-1-2000;48(2-3):327-342. View abstract.

Gurunathan, S., Lee, K. J., Kalishwaralal, K., Sheikpranbabu, S., Vaidyanathan, R., and Eom, S. H. Antiangiogenic properties of silver nanoparticles. Biomaterials 2009;30(31):6341-6350. View abstract.

Hansbrough, J. F., Achauer, B., Dawson, J., Himel, H., Luterman, A., Slater, H., Levenson, S., Salzberg, C. A., Hansbrough, W. B., and Dore, C. Wound healing in partial-thickness burn wounds treated with collagenase ointment versus silver sulfadiazine cream. J Burn Care Rehabil 1995;16(3 Pt 1):241-247. View abstract.

Heiskanen, O., Galicich, J. H., and Matson, D. D. The effect of dilute silver nitrate and silver protein solutions on the spinal cord and nerve roots. An experimental study on rabbits. Dev Med Child Neurol. 1967;9(3):281-286. View abstract.

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Jeong, G. N., Jo, U. B., Ryu, H. Y., Kim, Y. S., Song, K. S., and Yu, I. J. Histochemical study of intestinal mucins after administration of silver nanoparticles in Sprague-Dawley rats. Arch Toxicol. 2010;84(1):63-69. View abstract.

Ji, J. H., Jung, J. H., Kim, S. S., Yoon, J. U., Park, J. D., Choi, B. S., Chung, Y. H., Kwon, I. H., Jeong, J., Han, B. S., Shin, J. H., Sung, J. H., Song, K. S., and Yu, I. J. Twenty-eight-day inhalation toxicity study of silver nanoparticles in Sprague-Dawley rats. Inhal.Toxicol. 2007;19(10):857-871. View abstract.

Jin, X., Li, M., Wang, J., Marambio-Jones, C., Peng, F., Huang, X., Damoiseaux, R., and Hoek, E. M. High-throughput screening of silver nanoparticle stability and bacterial inactivation in aquatic media: influence of specific ions. Environ Sci Technol. 10-1-2010;44(19):7321-7328. View abstract.

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Jorgensen, B., Price, P., Andersen, K. E., Gottrup, F., Bech-Thomsen, N., Scanlon, E., Kirsner, R., Rheinen, H., Roed-Petersen, J., Romanelli, M., Jemec, G., Leaper, D. J., Neumann, M. H., Veraart, J., Coerper, S., Agerslev, R. H., Bendz, S. H., Larsen, J. R., and Sibbald, R. G. The silver-releasing foam dressing, Contreet Foam, promotes faster healing of critically colonised venous leg ulcers: a randomised, controlled trial. Int Wound J 2005;2(1):64-73. View abstract.

Juan, L., Zhimin, Z., Anchun, M., Lei, L., and Jingchao, Z. Deposition of silver nanoparticles on titanium surface for antibacterial effect. Int J Nanomedicine. 2010;5:261-267. View abstract.

Jude, E. B., Apelqvist, J., Spraul, M., and Martini, J. Prospective randomized controlled study of Hydrofiber dressing containing ionic silver or calcium alginate dressings in non-ischaemic diabetic foot ulcers. Diabet.Med 2007;24(3):280-288. View abstract.

Jun, E. A., Lim, K. M., Kim, K., Bae, O. N., Noh, J. Y., Chung, K. H., and Chung, J. H. Silver nanoparticles enhance thrombus formation through increased platelet aggregation and procoagulant activity. Nanotoxicology. 9-7-2010; View abstract.

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Jurczak, F., Dugre, T., Johnstone, A., Offori, T., Vujovic, Z., and Hollander, D. Randomised clinical trial of Hydrofiber dressing with silver versus povidone-iodine gauze in the management of open surgical and traumatic wounds. Int Wound J 2007;4(1):66-76. View abstract.

Kalishwaralal, K., Banumathi, E., Ram Kumar, Pandian S., Deepak, V., Muniyandi, J., Eom, S. H., and Gurunathan, S. Silver nanoparticles inhibit VEGF induced cell proliferation and migration in bovine retinal endothelial cells. Colloids Surf.B Biointerfaces. 10-1-2009;73(1):51-57. View abstract.

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Karlsmark, T., Agerslev, R. H., Bendz, S. H., Larsen, J. R., Roed-Petersen, J., and Andersen, K. E. Clinical performance of a new silver dressing, Contreet Foam, for chronic exuding venous leg ulcers. J Wound Care 2003;12(9):351-354. View abstract.

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Kemp, M. M., Kumar, A., Mousa, S., Dyskin, E., Yalcin, M., Ajayan, P., Linhardt, R. J., and Mousa, S. A. Gold and silver nanoparticles conjugated with heparin derivative possess anti-angiogenesis properties. Nanotechnology. 11-11-2009;20(45):455104. View abstract.

Kennedy, A. J., Hull, M. S., Bednar, A. J., Goss, J. D., Gunter, J. C., Bouldin, J. L., Vikesland, P. J., and Steevens, J. A. Fractionating nanosilver: importance for determining toxicity to aquatic test organisms. Environ Sci Technol. 12-15-2010;44(24):9571-9577. View abstract.

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Kim, J. S., Kuk, E., Yu, K. N., Kim, J. H., Park, S. J., Lee, H. J., Kim, S. H., Park, Y. K., Park, Y. H., Hwang, C. Y., Kim, Y. K., Lee, Y. S., Jeong, D. H., and Cho, M. H. Antimicrobial effects of silver nanoparticles. Nanomedicine. 2007;3(1):95-101. View abstract.

Kim, J., Kim, S., and Lee, S. Differentiation of the toxicities of silver nanoparticles and silver ions to the Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes) and the cladoceran Daphnia magna. Nanotoxicology. 8-31-2010; View abstract.

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Kim, K. J., Sung, W. S., Moon, S. K., Choi, J. S., Kim, J. G., and Lee, D. G. Antifungal effect of silver nanoparticles on dermatophytes. J Microbiol.Biotechnol. 2008;18(8):1482-1484. View abstract.

Kim, S. W., Kim, K. S., Lamsal, K., Kim, Y. J., Kim, S. B., Jung, M., Sim, S. J., Kim, H. S., Chang, S. J., Kim, J. K., and Lee, Y. S. An in vitro study of the antifungal effect of silver nanoparticles on oak wilt pathogen Raffaelea sp. J Microbiol.Biotechnol. 2009;19(8):760-764. View abstract.

Kim, S., Choi, J. E., Choi, J., Chung, K. H., Park, K., Yi, J., and Ryu, D. Y. Oxidative stress-dependent toxicity of silver nanoparticles in human hepatoma cells. Toxicol.In Vitro 2009;23(6):1076-1084. View abstract.

Kim, W. Y., Kim, J., Park, J. D., Ryu, H. Y., and Yu, I. J. Histological study of gender differences in accumulation of silver nanoparticles in kidneys of Fischer 344 rats. J Toxicol.Environ Health A 2009;72(21-22):1279-1284. View abstract.

Kim, Y. S., Kim, J. S., Cho, H. S., Rha, D. S., Kim, J. M., Park, J. D., Choi, B. S., Lim, R., Chang, H. K., Chung, Y. H., Kwon, I. H., Jeong, J., Han, B. S., and Yu, I. J. Twenty-eight-day oral toxicity, genotoxicity, and gender-related tissue distribution of silver nanoparticles in Sprague-Dawley rats. Inhal.Toxicol. 2008;20(6):575-583. View abstract.

Kim, Y. S., Song, M. Y., Park, J. D., Song, K. S., Ryu, H. R., Chung, Y. H., Chang, H. K., Lee, J. H., Oh, K. H., Kelman, B. J., Hwang, I. K., and Yu, I. J. Subchronic oral toxicity of silver nanoparticles. Part Fibre.Toxicol. 2010;7:20. View abstract.

Kim, Y., Suh, H. S., Cha, H. J., Kim, S. H., Jeong, K. S., and Kim, D. H. A case of generalized argyria after ingestion of colloidal silver solution. Am J Ind.Med 2009;52(3):246-250. View abstract.

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Krishnaraj, C., Jagan, E. G., Rajasekar, S., Selvakumar, P., Kalaichelvan, P. T., and Mohan, N. Synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Acalypha indica leaf extracts and its antibacterial activity against water borne pathogens. Colloids Surf.B Biointerfaces. 3-1-2010;76(1):50-56. View abstract.

Kumari, M., Mukherjee, A., and Chandrasekaran, N. Genotoxicity of silver nanoparticles in Allium cepa. Sci Total Environ 9-15-2009;407(19):5243-5246. View abstract.

Kwon, H. B., Lee, J. H., Lee, S. H., Lee, A. Y., Choi, J. S., and Ahn, Y. S. A case of argyria following colloidal silver ingestion. Ann Dermatol 2009;21(3):308-310. View abstract.

Laban, G., Nies, L. F., Turco, R. F., Bickham, J. W., and Sepulveda, M. S. The effects of silver nanoparticles on fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas) embryos. Ecotoxicology. 2010;19(1):185-195. View abstract.

Lackner, P., Beer, R., Broessner, G., Helbok, R., Galiano, K., Pleifer, C., Pfausler, B., Brenneis, C., Huck, C., Engelhardt, K., Obwegeser, A. A., and Schmutzhard, E. Efficacy of silver nanoparticles-impregnated external ventricular drain catheters in patients with acute occlusive hydrocephalus. Neurocrit.Care 2008;8(3):360-365. View abstract.

Lamb, J. G., Hathaway, L. B., Munger, M. A., Raucy, J. L., and Franklin, M. R. Nanosilver particle effects on drug metabolism in vitro. Drug Metab Dispos. 2010;38(12):2246-2251. View abstract.

Lankveld, D. P., Oomen, A. G., Krystek, P., Neigh, A., Troost-de, Jong A., Noorlander, C. W., Van Eijkeren, J. C., Geertsma, R. E., and De Jong, W. H. The kinetics of the tissue distribution of silver nanoparticles of different sizes. Biomaterials 2010;31(32):8350-8361. View abstract.

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Lapied, E., Moudilou, E., Exbrayat, J. M., Oughton, D. H., and Joner, E. J. Silver nanoparticle exposure causes apoptotic response in the earthworm Lumbricus terrestris (Oligochaeta). Nanomedicine.(Lond) 2010;5(6):975-984. View abstract.

Lara, H. H., Ayala-Nunez, N. V., Ixtepan-Turrent, L., and Rodriguez-Padilla, C. Mode of antiviral action of silver nanoparticles against HIV-1. J Nanobiotechnology. 2010;8:1. View abstract.

Lara, H. H., Ixtepan-Turrent, L., Garza-Trevino, E. N., and Rodriguez-Padilla, C. PVP-coated silver nanoparticles block the transmission of cell-free and cell-associated HIV-1 in human cervical culture. J Nanobiotechnology. 2010;8:15. View abstract.

Larese, F. F., D'Agostin, F., Crosera, M., Adami, G., Renzi, N., Bovenzi, M., and Maina, G. Human skin penetration of silver nanoparticles through intact and damaged skin. Toxicology 1-8-2009;255(1-2):33-37. View abstract.

Lazareth, I., Ourabah, Z., Senet, P., Cartier, H., Sauvadet, A., and Bohbot, S. Evaluation of a new silver foam dressing in patients with critically colonised venous leg ulcers. J Wound Care 2007;16(3):129-132. View abstract.

Lee, B. U., Yun, S. H., Ji, J. H., and Bae, G. N. Inactivation of S. epidermidis, B. subtilis, and E. coli bacteria bioaerosols deposited on a filter utilizing airborne silver nanoparticles. J Microbiol.Biotechnol. 2008;18(1):176-182. View abstract.

Lee, K. J., Nallathamby, P. D., Browning, L. M., Osgood, C. J., and Xu, X. H. In vivo imaging of transport and biocompatibility of single silver nanoparticles in early development of zebrafish embryos. ACS Nano. 2007;1(2):133-143. View abstract.

Lee, K. The experience of applying silver-containing hydrofiber dressings on refractory problem wounds. World Council on Enterostomal Therapists Journal 2009;29(4):29.

Lee, S. H., Sung, K., Chung, T. M., Lee, S. G., Min, K. D., Koo, S., and Kim, C. G. Preparation of silver nanoparticles and antibiotic test of its polycarbonate films composite. J Nanosci.Nanotechnol. 2008;8(9):4734-4737. View abstract.

Li, Q., Mahendra, S., Lyon, D. Y., Brunet, L., Liga, M. V., Li, D., and Alvarez, P. J. Antimicrobial nanomaterials for water disinfection and microbial control: potential applications and implications. Water Res 2008;42(18):4591-4602. View abstract.

Li, T., Albee, B., Alemayehu, M., Diaz, R., Ingham, L., Kamal, S., Rodriguez, M., and Bishnoi, S. W. Comparative toxicity study of Ag, Au, and Ag-Au bimetallic nanoparticles on Daphnia magna. Anal Bioanal.Chem. 2010;398(2):689-700. View abstract.

Li, W. R., Xie, X. B., Shi, Q. S., Duan, S. S., Ouyang, Y. S., and Chen, Y. B. Antibacterial effect of silver nanoparticles on Staphylococcus aureus. Biometals 2011;24(1):135-141. View abstract.

Li, W. R., Xie, X. B., Shi, Q. S., Zeng, H. Y., Ou-Yang, Y. S., and Chen, Y. B. Antibacterial activity and mechanism of silver nanoparticles on Escherichia coli. Appl Microbiol.Biotechnol. 2010;85(4):1115-1122. View abstract.

Liang, Z., Das, A., and Hu, Z. Bacterial response to a shock load of nanosilver in an activated sludge treatment system. Water Res 2010;44(18):5432-5438. View abstract.

Liao, J., Anchun, M., Zhu, Z., and Quan, Y. Antibacterial titanium plate deposited by silver nanoparticles exhibits cell compatibility. Int J Nanomedicine. 2010;5:337-342. View abstract.

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Liu, J., Sonshine, D. A., Shervani, S., and Hurt, R. H. Controlled release of biologically active silver from nanosilver surfaces. ACS Nano. 11-23-2010;4(11):6903-6913. View abstract.

Liu, W., Wu, Y., Wang, C., Li, H. C., Wang, T., Liao, C. Y., Cui, L., Zhou, Q. F., Yan, B., and Jiang, G. B. Impact of silver nanoparticles on human cells: effect of particle size. Nanotoxicology. 2010;4(3):319-330. View abstract.

Liu, X., Lee, P. Y., Ho, C. M., Lui, V. C., Chen, Y., Che, C. M., Tam, P. K., and Wong, K. K. Silver nanoparticles mediate differential responses in keratinocytes and fibroblasts during skin wound healing. ChemMedChem. 3-1-2010;5(3):468-475. View abstract.

Liu, X., Lin, T., Fang, J., Yao, G., Zhao, H., Dodson, M., and Wang, X. In vivo wound healing and antibacterial performances of electrospun nanofibre membranes. J Biomed.Mater.Res A 2010;94(2):499-508. View abstract.

Liu, Z., Ren, G., Zhang, T., and Yang, Z. Action potential changes associated with the inhibitory effects on voltage-gated sodium current of hippocampal CA1 neurons by silver nanoparticles. Toxicology 10-29-2009;264(3):179-184. View abstract.

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Lo, S. F., Chang, C. J., Hu, W. Y., Hayter, M., and Chang, Y. T. The effectiveness of silver-releasing dressings in the management of non-healing chronic wounds: a meta-analysis. J Clin Nurs. 2009;18(5):716-728. View abstract.

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Lok, C. N., Ho, C. M., Chen, R., He, Q. Y., Yu, W. Y., Sun, H., Tam, P. K., Chiu, J. F., and Che, C. M. Proteomic analysis of the mode of antibacterial action of silver nanoparticles. J Proteome.Res 2006;5(4):916-924. View abstract.

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Lu, L., Sun, R. W., Chen, R., Hui, C. K., Ho, C. M., Luk, J. M., Lau, G. K., and Che, C. M. Silver nanoparticles inhibit hepatitis B virus replication. Antivir.Ther 2008;13(2):253-262. View abstract.

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Madhumathi, K., Sudheesh Kumar, P. T., Abhilash, S., Sreeja, V., Tamura, H., Manzoor, K., Nair, S. V., and Jayakumar, R. Development of novel chitin/nanosilver composite scaffolds for wound dressing applications. J Mater.Sci Mater.Med 2010;21(2):807-813. View abstract.

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Pozdniak, L. V., Chernov, A. N., Chekan, N. M., Beliauski, N. M., Akulich, V. V., Poljanskaya, G. G., Gordienko, A. I., and Kulchitsky, V. A. Proliferation and survival of rat C6 glioma culture in the presence of implants coated with modified carbon-based films. Bull Exp.Biol Med 2009;148(2):253-256. View abstract.

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Rhee, D. Y., Chang, S. E., Lee, M. W., Choi, J. H., Moon, K. C., and Koh, J. K. Treatment of argyria after colloidal silver ingestion using Q-switched 1,064-nm Nd:YAG laser. Dermatol Surg 2008;34(10):1427-1430. View abstract.

Ringwood, A. H., McCarthy, M., Bates, T. C., and Carroll, D. L. The effects of silver nanoparticles on oyster embryos. Mar.Environ Res 2010;69 Suppl:S49-S51. View abstract.

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Roh, J. Y., Sim, S. J., Yi, J., Park, K., Chung, K. H., Ryu, D. Y., and Choi, J. Ecotoxicity of silver nanoparticles on the soil nematode Caenorhabditis elegans using functional ecotoxicogenomics. Environ Sci Technol. 5-15-2009;43(10):3933-3940. View abstract.

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Romanko, M. I., Rieznichenko, L. S., Hruzina, T. H., Dybkova, S. M., Ul'berh, Z. R., Ushkalov, V. O., and Holovko, A. M. [Influence of gold and silver nanoparticles on ATPase activity of native and rehydrated cells of Escherichia coli]. Ukr.Biokhim.Zh. 2009;81(6):70-76. View abstract.

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Sakai, N., Aoki, M., Miyazawa, S., Akita, M., Takezaki, S., and Kawana, S. A case of generalized argyria caused by the use of silver protein as a disinfection medicine. Acta Derm.Venereol. 2007;87(2):186-187. View abstract.

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Santhoshkumar, T., Rahuman, A. A., Rajakumar, G., Marimuthu, S., Bagavan, A., Jayaseelan, C., Zahir, A. A., Elango, G., and Kamaraj, C. Synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Nelumbo nucifera leaf extract and its larvicidal activity against malaria and filariasis vectors. Parasitol.Res 10-27-2010; View abstract.

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Saxena, S., Ray, A. R., Kapil, A., Pavon-Djavid, G., Letourneur, D., Gupta, B., and Meddahi-Pelle, A. Development of a New Polypropylene-Based Suture: Plasma Grafting, Surface Treatment, Characterization, and Biocompatibility Studies. Macromol.Biosci. 11-22-2010; View abstract.

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Scown, T. M., Santos, E. M., Johnston, B. D., Gaiser, B., Baalousha, M., Mitov, S., Lead, J. R., Stone, V., Fernandes, T. F., Jepson, M., van, Aerle R., and Tyler, C. R. Effects of aqueous exposure to silver nanoparticles of different sizes in rainbow trout. Toxicol.Sci 2010;115(2):521-534. View abstract.

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Sheikh, F. A., Barakat, N. A., Kanjwal, M. A., Nirmala, R., Lee, J. H., Kim, H., and Kim, H. Y. Electrospun titanium dioxide nanofibers containing hydroxyapatite and silver nanoparticles as future implant materials. J Mater.Sci Mater.Med 2010;21(9):2551-2559. View abstract.

Sheikpranbabu, S., Kalishwaralal, K., Lee, K. J., Vaidyanathan, R., Eom, S. H., and Gurunathan, S. The inhibition of advanced glycation end-products-induced retinal vascular permeability by silver nanoparticles. Biomaterials 2010;31(8):2260-2271. View abstract.

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Stevens, K. N., Crespo-Biel, O., van den Bosch, E. E., Dias, A. A., Knetsch, M. L., Aldenhoff, Y. B., van der Veen, F. H., Maessen, J. G., Stobberingh, E. E., and Koole, L. H. The relationship between the antimicrobial effect of catheter coatings containing silver nanoparticles and the coagulation of contacting blood. Biomaterials 2009;30(22):3682-3690. View abstract.

Storm-Versloot, M. N., Vos, C. G., Ubbink, D. T., and Vermeulen, H. Topical silver for preventing wound infection. Cochrane Database.Syst.Rev 2010;(3):CD006478. View abstract.

Su, H. L., Chou, C. C., Hung, D. J., Lin, S. H., Pao, I. C., Lin, J. H., Huang, F. L., Dong, R. X., and Lin, J. J. The disruption of bacterial membrane integrity through ROS generation induced by nanohybrids of silver and clay. Biomaterials 2009;30(30):5979-5987. View abstract.

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Sun, R. W., Chen, R., Chung, N. P., Ho, C. M., Lin, C. L., and Che, C. M. Silver nanoparticles fabricated in Hepes buffer exhibit cytoprotective activities toward HIV-1 infected cells. Chem.Commun.(Camb.) 10-28-2005;(40):5059-5061. View abstract.

Sung, J. H., Ji, J. H., Park, J. D., Yoon, J. U., Kim, D. S., Jeon, K. S., Song, M. Y., Jeong, J., Han, B. S., Han, J. H., Chung, Y. H., Chang, H. K., Lee, J. H., Cho, M. H., Kelman, B. J., and Yu, I. J. Subchronic inhalation toxicity of silver nanoparticles. Toxicol.Sci 2009;108(2):452-461. View abstract.

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Sung, J. H., Ji, J. H., Yoon, J. U., Kim, D. S., Song, M. Y., Jeong, J., Han, B. S., Han, J. H., Chung, Y. H., Kim, J., Kim, T. S., Chang, H. K., Lee, E. J., Lee, J. H., and Yu, I. J. Lung function changes in Sprague-Dawley rats after prolonged inhalation exposure to silver nanoparticles. Inhal.Toxicol. 2008;20(6):567-574. View abstract.

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Suresh, A. K., Pelletier, D. A., Wang, W., Moon, J. W., Gu, B., Mortensen, N. P., Allison, D. P., Joy, D. C., Phelps, T. J., and Doktycz, M. J. Silver nanocrystallites: biofabrication using Shewanella oneidensis, and an evaluation of their comparative toxicity on gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. Environ Sci Technol. 7-1-2010;44(13):5210-5215. View abstract.

Syed, M. A., Babar, S., Bhatti, A. S., and Bokhari, H. Antibacterial effects of silver nanoparticles on the bacterial strains isolated from catheterized urinary tract infection cases. J Biomed.Nanotechnol. 2009;5(2):209-214. View abstract.

Taherinejad F and Hamberg K. Antimicrobial effect of a silver-containing foam dressing on a broad range of common wound pathogens. Poster presentation: Third Congress of the World Union of Wound Healing Societies, Toronto, Canada. 2008;

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Trial, C., Darbas, H., Lavigne, J. P., Sotto, A., Simoneau, G., Tillet, Y., and Teot, L. Assessment of the antimicrobial effectiveness of a new silver alginate wound dressing: a RCT. J Wound Care 2010;19(1):20-26. View abstract.

Trickler, W. J., Lantz, S. M., Murdock, R. C., Schrand, A. M., Robinson, B. L., Newport, G. D., Schlager, J. J., Oldenburg, S. J., Paule, M. G., Slikker, W., Jr., Hussain, S. M., and Ali, S. F. Silver nanoparticle induced blood-brain barrier inflammation and increased permeability in primary rat brain microvessel endothelial cells. Toxicol.Sci 2010;118(1):160-170. View abstract.

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Van de Voorde, K., Nijsten, T., Schelfhout, K., Moorkens, G., and Lambert, J. Long-term use of silver containing nose-drops resulting in systemic argyria. Acta Clin Belg. 2005;60(1):33-35. View abstract.

van, Hasselt P., Gashe, B. A., and Ahmad, J. Colloidal silver as an antimicrobial agent: fact or fiction? J Wound Care 2004;13(4):154-155. View abstract.

Vanscheidt W, Lazareth I, and Routkovsky-Norval, C. Safety evaluation of a new ionic silver dressing in the management of chronic ulcers. WOUNDS 2003;15:371-378.

Vasilev, K., Sah, V. R., Goreham, R. V., Ndi, C., Short, R. D., and Griesser, H. J. Antibacterial surfaces by adsorptive binding of polyvinyl-sulphonate-stabilized silver nanoparticles. Nanotechnology. 5-28-2010;21(21):215102. View abstract.

Veerapandian, M., Lim, S. K., Nam, H. M., Kuppannan, G., and Yun, K. S. Glucosamine-functionalized silver glyconanoparticles: characterization and antibacterial activity. Anal Bioanal.Chem. 2010;398(2):867-876. View abstract.

Verdu, Soriano J., Rueda, Lopez J., Martinez, Cuervo F., and Soldevilla, Agreda J. Effects of an activated charcoal silver dressing on chronic wounds with no clinical signs of infection. J Wound Care 2004;13(10):419, 421-419, 423. View abstract.

Vermeulen, H., van Hattem, J. M., Storm-Versloot, M. N., and Ubbink, D. T. Topical silver for treating infected wounds. Cochrane Database.Syst.Rev 2007;(1):CD005486. View abstract.

Vigneshwaran, N., Kathe, A. A., Varadarajan, P. V., Nachane, R. P., and Balasubramanya, R. H. Functional finishing of cotton fabrics using silver nanoparticles. J Nanosci.Nanotechnol. 2007;7(6):1893-1897. View abstract.

Vijayakumar, P. S. and Prasad, B. L. Intracellular biogenic silver nanoparticles for the generation of carbon supported antiviral and sustained bactericidal agents. Langmuir 10-6-2009;25(19):11741-11747. View abstract.

Wadhera, A. and Fung, M. Systemic argyria associated with ingestion of colloidal silver. Dermatol Online.J 2005;11(1):12. View abstract.

Wang JW and Teng YJ. Efficacy of ionic silver dressing and gel in local treatment of dog bite III wounds: a randomized control study. Journal of Clinical Rehabilitative tissue Engineering Research 2008;12(14):2659-2662.

Ward, T. J., Boeri, R. L., Hogstrand, C., Kramer, J. R., Lussier, S. M., Stubblefield, W. A., Wyskiel, D. C., and Gorsuch, J. W. Influence of salinity and organic carbon on the chronic toxicity of silver to mysids (Americamysis bahia) and silversides (Menidia beryllina). Environ Toxicol.Chem. 2006;25(7):1809-1816. View abstract.

Ward, T. J., Kramer, J. R., Boeri, R. L., and Gorsuch, J. W. Chronic toxicity of silver to the sea urchin (Arbacia punctulata). Environ Toxicol.Chem. 2006;25(6):1568-1573. View abstract.

Wei, D., Sun, W., Qian, W., Ye, Y., and Ma, X. The synthesis of chitosan-based silver nanoparticles and their antibacterial activity. Carbohydr.Res 11-23-2009;344(17):2375-2382. View abstract.

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White, J. M., Powell, A. M., Brady, K., and Russell-Jones, R. Severe generalized argyria secondary to ingestion of colloidal silver protein. Clin.Exp.Dermatol. 2003;28(3):254-256. View abstract.

Wiegand, C., Heinze, T., and Hipler, U. C. Comparative in vitro study on cytotoxicity, antimicrobial activity, and binding capacity for pathophysiological factors in chronic wounds of alginate and silver-containing alginate. Wound Repair Regen. 2009;17(4):511-521. View abstract.

Wigginton, N. S., de, Titta A., Piccapietra, F., Dobias, J., Nesatyy, V. J., Suter, M. J., and Bernier-Latmani, R. Binding of silver nanoparticles to bacterial proteins depends on surface modifications and inhibits enzymatic activity. Environ Sci Technol. 3-15-2010;44(6):2163-2168. View abstract.

Wise, J. P., Sr., Goodale, B. C., Wise, S. S., Craig, G. A., Pongan, A. F., Walter, R. B., Thompson, W. D., Ng, A. K., Aboueissa, A. M., Mitani, H., Spalding, M. J., and Mason, M. D. Silver nanospheres are cytotoxic and genotoxic to fish cells. Aquat.Toxicol. 4-1-2010;97(1):34-41. View abstract.

Wong, K. K., Cheung, S. O., Huang, L., Niu, J., Tao, C., Ho, C. M., Che, C. M., and Tam, P. K. Further evidence of the anti-inflammatory effects of silver nanoparticles. ChemMedChem. 2009;4(7):1129-1135. View abstract.

Woods, E. J., Cochrane, C. A., and Percival, S. L. Prevalence of silver resistance genes in bacteria isolated from human and horse wounds. Vet.Microbiol. 9-18-2009;138(3-4):325-329. View abstract.

Wu, M. H. and Wu, H. Y. A simple device for closure of a colocutaneous fistula within the laparotomy wound: a case report. Ostomy.Wound Manage. 10-15-2009;55(10):24-26. View abstract.

Wu, Q., Cao, H., Luan, Q., Zhang, J., Wang, Z., Warner, J. H., and Watt, A. A. Biomolecule-assisted synthesis of water-soluble silver nanoparticles and their biomedical applications. Inorg.Chem. 7-7-2008;47(13):5882-5888. View abstract.

Wu, Y., Zhou, Q., Li, H., Liu, W., Wang, T., and Jiang, G. Effects of silver nanoparticles on the development and histopathology biomarkers of Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes) using the partial-life test. Aquat.Toxicol. 10-15-2010;100(2):160-167. View abstract.

Wunderlich, U. and Orfanos, C. E. [Treatment of venous ulcera cruris with dry wound dressings. Phase overlapping use of silver impregnated activated charcoal xerodressing]. Hautarzt 1991;42(7):446-450. View abstract.

Wyatt, D., McGowan, D. N., and Najarian, M. P. Comparison of a hydrocolloid dressing and silver sulfadiazine cream in the outpatient management of second-degree burns. J Trauma 1990;30(7):857-865. View abstract.

Yang, W., Lee, S., Lee, J., Bae, Y., and Kim, D. Silver nanoparticle-induced degranulation observed with quantitative phase microscopy. J Biomed.Opt. 2010;15(4):045005. View abstract.

Yen, H. J., Hsu, S. H., and Tsai, C. L. Cytotoxicity and immunological response of gold and silver nanoparticles of different sizes. Small 2009;5(13):1553-1561. View abstract.

Yoon, K. Y., Hoon, Byeon J., Park, J. H., and Hwang, J. Susceptibility constants of Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis to silver and copper nanoparticles. Sci Total Environ 2-15-2007;373(2-3):572-575. View abstract.

Zhang, B., Luo, Y., and Wang, Q. Development of silver-zein composites as a promising antimicrobial agent. Biomacromolecules. 9-13-2010;11(9):2366-2375. View abstract.

Zhang, Y. Y. and Sun, J. [A study on the bio-safety for nano-silver as anti-bacterial materials]. Zhongguo Yi.Liao.Qi Xie.Za Zhi. 2007;31(1):36-8, 16. View abstract.

Zhao, C. M. and Wang, W. X. Biokinetic uptake and efflux of silver nanoparticles in Daphnia magna. Environ Sci Technol. 10-1-2010;44(19):7699-7704. View abstract.

Zhu, C., Xue, J., and He, J. Controlled in-situ synthesis of silver nanoparticles in natural cellulose fibers toward highly efficient antimicrobial materials. J Nanosci.Nanotechnol. 2009;9(5):3067-3074. View abstract.

Ziegler, K., Gorl, R., Effing, J., Ellermann, J., Mappes, M., Otten, S., Kapp, H., Zoellner, P., Spaeth, D., and Smola, H. Reduced cellular toxicity of a new silver-containing antimicrobial dressing and clinical performance in non-healing wounds. Skin Pharmacol Physiol 2006;19(3):140-146. View abstract.

Zodrow, K., Brunet, L., Mahendra, S., Li, D., Zhang, A., Li, Q., and Alvarez, P. J. Polysulfone ultrafiltration membranes impregnated with silver nanoparticles show improved biofouling resistance and virus removal. Water Res 2009;43(3):715-723. View abstract.

Cohen LE, Spurlock R, Salem A, Mercado E. Argyria in the silver state. Federal Practitioner 2004;April:9-17.

FDA issues final rule on OTC drug products containing colloidal silver. FDA Talk Paper, Aug 17, 1999. Available online: http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/ANSWERS/ANS0971.html

Fung MC, Bowen DL. Silver products for medical indications: risk-benefit assessment. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol 1996;34:119-26. View abstract.

Fung MC, Weintraub M, Bowen DL. Colloidal silver proteins marketed as health supplements. JAMA 1995;274:1196-7.

Fung MC, Weintraub M, Bowen DL. Colloidal silver proteins marketed as health supplements. JAMA 1995;274:1196-7. View abstract.

Gulbranson SH, Hud JA, Hansen RC. Argyria following the use of dietary supplements containing colloidal silver protein. Cutis 2000;66:373-4. View abstract.

Hori K, Martin TG, Rainey P, Robertson WO. Believe it or not--silver still poisons! Vet Hum Toxicol 2002;44:291-2.. View abstract.

McKenna JK, Hull CM, Zone JJ. Argyria associated with colloidal silver supplementation. Int J Dermatol 2003;42:549.. View abstract.

Mornex, R., Zech, P., Pellet, M., and Tourniaire, J. [Study of digestive absorption of iodine. I. Demonstration of the inhibition of inorganic iodine absorption by the addition of silver protein]. C.R.Seances Soc Biol Fil. 8-31-1963;157:823-825. View abstract.

Over-the-counter drug products containing colloidal silver ingredients or silver salts. Pharmacist's Letter / Prescriber's Letter 1997;13(3):130315.

Subrahmanyam M. A prospective randomized, clinical and histological study of superficial burn wound healing with honey and silver sulfadiazine. Burns 1998;24:157-61. View abstract.

[Crede's lapis instillations]. Tidsskr.Nor Laegeforen. 8-15-1951;71(16):524-525. View abstract.

A silver-based antimicrobial. Chemical Engineering 2009;116(8):11.

Afilalo, M., Dankoff, J., Guttman, A., and Lloyd, J. DuoDERM hydroactive dressing versus silver sulphadiazine/Bactigras in the emergency treatment of partial skin thickness burns. Burns 1992;18(4):313-316. View abstract.

Ahamed, M., Posgai, R., Gorey, T. J., Nielsen, M., Hussain, S. M., and Rowe, J. J. Silver nanoparticles induced heat shock protein 70, oxidative stress and apoptosis in Drosophila melanogaster. Toxicol.Appl Pharmacol 2-1-2010;242(3):263-269. View abstract.

Ahn, S. J., Lee, S. J., Kook, J. K., and Lim, B. S. Experimental antimicrobial orthodontic adhesives using nanofillers and silver nanoparticles. Dent.Mater. 2009;25(2):206-213. View abstract.

Akhavan, O. Lasting antibacterial activities of Ag-TiO2/Ag/a-TiO2 nanocomposite thin film photocatalysts under solar light irradiation. J Colloid Interface Sci 8-1-2009;336(1):117-124. View abstract.

Allen, H. J., Impellitteri, C. A., Macke, D. A., Heckman, J. L., Poynton, H. C., Lazorchak, J. M., Govindaswamy, S., Roose, D. L., and Nadagouda, M. N. Effects from filtration, capping agents, and presence/absence of food on the toxicity of silver nanoparticles to Daphnia magna. Environ Toxicol.Chem. 2010;29(12):2742-2750. View abstract.

Alt, V., Bechert, T., Steinrucke, P., Wagener, M., Seidel, P., Dingeldein, E., Domann, E., and Schnettler, R. An in vitro assessment of the antibacterial properties and cytotoxicity of nanoparticulate silver bone cement. Biomaterials 2004;25(18):4383-4391. View abstract.

Alt, V., Bechert, T., Steinrucke, P., Wagener, M., Seidel, P., Dingeldein, E., Scheddin, D., Domann, E., and Schnettler, R. [Nanoparticulate silver. A new antimicrobial substance for bone cement]. Orthopade 2004;33(8):885-892. View abstract.

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Source: http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-779-COLLOIDAL%20SILVER.aspx?activeIngredientId=779&activeIngredientName=COLLOIDAL%20SILVER


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