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Dosages on these pages have been compiled from various formulary textbooks and resources with rabbit dosages.
Bolded drugs with a green background are authorized for use in rabbits.
|Acepromazine||ACP||Sedative|| || |
Not analgesic. Should not be used in animals less than 3 months of age or with liver disease.
|Acepromazine + butorphanol||Sedative|| || Can by mixed in same syringe. |
| Acetaminophen, |
|Paracetamol, Pardale V, Perfalgan||Analgesic|| || |
Overdose may cause liver damage.
|Acetylcysteine||Ilube, Parvolex||Mucolytic|| || |
Used as a mucolytic in respiratory disease. In rabbits, direct application into ear has been reported as beneficial in cases of secretory otitis media, reducing inflammation and preventing long-term fibrotic changes.
|Activated charcoal||Antidote|| || |
Absorbs toxins, fluids, and gases in the GI tract. As a general rule, administer at a dose of at least 10 times the volume of intoxicant ingested.
Activated charcoal flats, covering everything in the area — use carefully as it will stain permanently. May color stools black, which can be alarming to owners. Will reduce efficacy of orally administered drugs.
| Adrenaline, |
|Adrenaline, Epinephrine|| Vasopressor, |
| || |
Used for cardiac resuscitation, status asthmaticus and to offset the effects of histamine release in severe anaphylactoid reactions.
Adrenaline is sensitive to light and air; do not use if pink, brown, or contains a precipitate.
|Aglepristone||Alizin||Antiprogestin|| || |
Used to terminate pregnancies.
Use with care. Accidental injection may be a hazard to women who are pregnant or intending to become pregnant.
|Albendazole||Antiparasitic|| ||Used treat Encephalitozoon cuniculi.|
| Alphaxalone, |
|Alfaxan-CD||Sedative|| || |
Does not contain an antimicrobial preservative, so it is recommended to discard the remainder of an opened bottle after single use within 24 hours.
|Alfentanil||Rapifen||Analgesic|| || |
A very potent opioid analgesic - 10-20 times more potent than morphine.
| Aluminum antacids, |
|Alucap. With alginate: Acidex, Gastrocote, Gaviscon, Advance, Peptac. With magnesium salt: Asilone, Maalox, Mucogel.||Antacid|| || |
Used for management of gastritis and gastric ulceration. Thoroughly mix drug with food to disperse it throughout the GI tract and increase palatability.
|Amantadine||Lysovir, Symmetrel||Analgesic|| || |
Proves analgesia through NMDA antagonist action. Used in animals that are unresponsive to opioids or require chronic pain relief in a home environment. May have a role in the treatment of neuropathic pain in rabbits.
|Amikacin||Amikacin, Amikin||Antibiotic|| || |
Active against many gram-negative bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus and Nocardia spp., including some that may be resistant to gentamicin. Streptococci and anaerobes are usually resistant.
Can affect renal function if hydration not maintained.
Oral doses can cause fatal enterotoxaemia in rabbits.
|Aminopyrine|| Analgesic, |
|Amino acid solutions||Duphalyte, Aminoplasmal, Aminoven, Clinimix, Glamin, Hyperamine, Intrafusin, Kabiven, Kabiven Peripheral, Nutriflex||Nutritional support|| || |
Amino acid solutions supply essential and non-essential amino acids for protein production. They are used parenterally in patients requiring nutritional support but unable to receive enteral support.
Should not by used for animals with dehydration, hepatic encephalopathy, severe azotaemia, shock, congestive heart failure and electrolyte imbalances.
| Amoxicillin, |
|Amoxinsol, Amoxycare, Amoxypen, Bimoxyl, Clamoxyl, Duphamox, Vetremox||Antibiotic|| || |
Active against certain Gram-positive and Gram-negative aerobic organisms and many obligate anaerobes but not against those that produce penicillinases (beta-lactamases), e.g. Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus. The more difficult Gram-negative organisms (Pseudomonas, Klebsiella) are usually resistant.
Should only be given by injection. Causes diarrhea after oral administration.
|Amphotericin B||Abelcet, AmBisome, Amphocil, Fungizone||Antifungal|| || |
Used for management of systemic fungal infections and leishmaniosis.
Given the risk of severe toxicity it is advisable to reserve use for severe/potentially fatal fungal infections only. Should not be used in animals with renal or hepatic failure.
Medication should be kept in the dark, although loss of drug activity is negligible for at least 8 hours in room light. After initial reconstitution, the drug is stable for 1 week if refrigerated and stored in the dark.
|Ampicillin||Amfipen, Ampipcaps, Ampicare, Duphacillin||Antibiotic||DO NOT USE|| Causes 40 to 100% fatal enteritis, dependent on dosage. |
Toxic both orally and parenterally. Bactericidal that is excreted in urine and bile.
|Amprolium||Coxoid||Coccidiostat|| || |
Used for coccidiosis in animals.
Limit duration of therapy to 2 weeks. Prolonged high doses can cause thiamine deficiency.
|Aspirin||Aspirin BP and component of many others||Analgesic|| || |
Used to control mild to moderate pain and prevent arterial thromboembolism.
Do not give to dehydrated, hypovolaemic or hypotensive paties or those with GI disease. Do not give to pregnant animals or animals less than 6 weeks old.
|Atenolol||Atenolol, Tenormin||Beta blocker|| || |
Used for cardiac tachyarrhythmias, hyperthyroidism, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, obstructive cardiac disease (severe aortic or pulmonic stenosis) and systemic hypertension.
Should not be used for animals with bradyarrhythmias, acute or decompensated congestive heart failure. Relatively contraindicated in animals with medically controlled congestive heart failure.
|Atipamezole||Alzane, Antisedan, Atipam, Revertor, Sedastop||Sedative reversal|| || |
Reverses the sedative effects of medetomidine or dexmedetomidine.
When medetomidine or dexmedetomidine has been administered at least an hour before, dose of atipamezole can be reduced by half (i.e. half the volume of medetomidine or dexmedetomidine) and repeated if recovery is slow.
|Atropine||Atrocare||Premedication|| || |
Used to prevent or correct bradycardia and bradyarrhythmias, to dilate pupiles, to manage organophosphate and carbamate toxicities, and in conjunction with anticholinesterase drugs during antagonism of neuromuscular block.
40% rabbits produce atropine esterase that metabolizes atropine. Endogenous atropinase levels may make repeat injections q10–15min necessary.
The solution does not contain any antimicrobial preservative, so any remaining solution in vial should be discarded after use. The solution should be protected from light.
Atropine should not be used in animals with glaucoma, lens luxation, and keratoconjunctivitis sicca.
| Atropine + |
|Azithromycin||Antibiotic|| || |
Used for abscesses and osteomyelitis. Alternative to penicillin in allergic individuals as it has a similar, although not identical, antibacterial spectrum.
It is active against Gram-positive cocci (some Staphylococcus species are resistant), Gram-positive bacilli, some Gram-negative bacilli (Haemophilus, Pasteurella), mycobacteria, obligate anaerobes, Chlamydophila, Mycoplasma and Toxoplasma. Some strains of Actinomyces, Nocardia and Rickettsia are also inhibited. Most strains of the Enterobacteriaceae (Pseudomonas, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella) are resistant.
May cause dysbiosis. Should be avoided in animals with renal and hepatic failure.
|Barium sulfate||Contrast media|| |
|Benazepril||Benefortin, Cardalis, Fortekor, Nelio, Prilben, Vetpril||ACE inhibitor|| || |
A angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. For treatment of cardiac heart failure and cardiac renal failure.
Do not use in cases of cardiac output failure. Can be associated with an increase in azotaemia in rabbits.
|Betamethasone||Fusiderm, Norbet, Otomax, Betnesol, Maxidex||Corticosteroid|| || |
Used for short-term relief of inflammatory but non-infectious conditions. On a dose basis, 0.12 mg betamethasone is equivalent to 1 mg prednisolone.
Use glucocorticosteroids with care in rabbits as they act as strong immunodepressants. Wear gloves when applying cream. Topical corticosteroids should not be used on animals with ulcerative keratitis.
|Bethanecol||Myotonine||Muscarinic agonist|| || |
Used to empty the bladder and increase urination by increasing urinary bladder detrusor muscle tone and contraction.
Best given on an empty stomach to avoid GI distress.
| Bismuth salts |
|Pepto-Bismol||Gastic cytoprotectant|| || |
Used for acute oral poisoning, gastric ulceration, and flatulent diarrhea. Doses are empirical.
Do not use where specific oral antidotes are being administered in cases of poisoning. Do not use if the animal is unconscious, fitting, or has a reduced cough reflex. In patients with an intestinal obstruction, do not use when enterotomy or enterectomy is to be performed.
Avoid long-term use as absorbed bismuth is neurotoxic.
|Bromhexine||Bisolvon||Mucolytic|| || |
Used to manage respiratory diseases.
|Bupivacaine||Marcain, Sensorcaine||Analgesic|| || |
Do not give IV or use for IV regional anesthesia as it may precipitate severe cardiac arrhythmias.
|Buprenorphine||Buprecare, Buprenodale, Vetergesic||Analgesic|| || |
Provides analgesia without marked sedation. Used for relief of mild to moderate perioperative pain. It is less potent but longer acting than fentanyl/fluanisone.:321
Doses less than 0.03 mg/kg have very limited analgesic effects but still have some sedative effects.
|Buserelin||Receptal||Fertility drug|| || |
Buserelin is a synthetic GnRH (gonadotrophin releasing hormone) analogue that stimulates LH and FSH production, thus causing oestrus to develop and progress.
Used to supplement natural LH in cases of ovulation failure or delay and induce lactation postpartum in mammals. In rabbits, it is used to induce ovulation postpartum for insemination and to improve conception rates.
Pregnant women should not administer the product. Anaphylactic reactions may occasionally occur.
|Butorphanol||Alvegesic, Dolorex, Torbugesic, Torbutrol, Torphasol||Analgesic|| || |
Used for management of mild perioperative pain. Can cause sedation in combination with other drugs.
Protect from light.
| Butylscopolamine, |
|Buscopan|| Analgesic, |
| || |
Used to control gastrointestinal pain associated with urinary obstruction in rabbits.
|Calcium EDTA|| |
|Carbaryl 5% powder|| |
|Carbomer 980||Lubrithal||Mucinomimetic|| || |
Used for tear replacement and tear film disorders.
|Carprofen||Activyl, Bonocarp, Canidryl, Carprieve, Carprodyl, Carprogesic, Dolagis, Norocarp, Norodyl, Rimadyl, Rimifin||Analgesic|| || |
A NSAID used to control postoperative pain and inflammation following surgery and to reduce chronic inflammation.
Should not be given to dehydrated, hypovolaemic or hypotensive patients or those with GI disease or blood clotting abnormalities. Use with care for animals with renal disease. Do not give to pregnant animals or animals less than 6 weeks old.
| Cefalexin, |
|Cefaseptin, Cephacare, Ceporex, Rilexine, Therios||Antibiotic|| || |
Active against several Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms (e.g. Staphylococcus, Pasteurella and Escherichia coli). Pseudomonas and Proteus are often resistant.
Risk of dysbiosis and fatal enterotoxaemia if given orally. Injection of cephalosporin has proven safe.
|Cefotaxime||Cefotaxime||Antibiotic|| || |
A 3rd generation cephalosporin with good activity against many Gram-negative organisms, especially Enterobacteriaceae (not Pseudomonas) but lower activity against many Gram-positive organisms than 1st and 2nd generation cephalosporins.
The reconstituted solution is stable for 10 days when refrigerated.
May produce pain on injection; GI disturbance and superinfection with resistant microorganisms is a potential risk. Use with care in patients with renal disease.
|Ceftazidime||Fortum, Kefadim||Antibiotic|| || |
A 3rd generation cephalosporin with higher activity against many Gram-negative organisms but lower activity against many Gram-positives when compared to 1st and 2nd generation cephalosporins.
May produce pain on injection.
|Cholestyramine||Questran||Ion exchange resin|| |
|Chloramphenicol||Chloramphenicol, Chloromycetin Ophthalmic Ointment, Chloromycetin Redidrops, Kemicetine||Antibiotic|| || |
Used against Gram-positive (e.g. Streptococcus, Staphylococcus), Gram-negative (e.g. Brucella, Salmonella, Haemophilus) and obligate anaerobic bacteria (e.g. Clostridium, Bacteroides fragilis). Other sensitive organisms include Chlamydophila, Mycoplasma (unreliable in treatment of ocular mycoplasmosis) and Rickettsia. Resistant organisms include Nocardia and Mycobacterium. Acquired resistance may occur in Enterobacteriaceae.
|Chloramphenicol palmitate||Antibiotic|| |
|Chloramphenicol succinate||Antibiotic|| |
|Chlorhexidine||Hibiscrub, Savlon, Chlorohex, CLX wipes, Otodine, TrizChlor, Viatop||Antiseptic|| || |
Do not use in ears where integrity of the tympanum is unknown. Do not use on eyes. Ototoxic and may irritate mucous membranes.
| Chlorphenamine, |
|Piriton||Antihistamine|| || |
Use to manage allergic disease and prevention as well as early treatment of anaphylaxis.
|Chlorphenamine maleate||Antihistamine|| ||Paediatric syrup available.|
| Chorionic gonadotrophin, |
Human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG)
|Chorulon||Fertility drug|| || |
Used to supplement or replace LH in cases of ovulation failure or delay, to induce lactation post-partum, or in females who fail to hold to mating.
Reconstituted vials do not contain any preservative and should be discarded within 24 hours.
| Ciclosporin, |
|Atopica, Optimmune, Neoral, Sandimmun||Immunosuppressant|| || |
Used for sebaceous adenitis treatment in rabbits.
|Cimetidine||Zitac, Cimetidine, Dyspamet, Tagamet|| Antacid, |
| || |
Used as a gastric protectant.
|Ciprofloxacin||Ciloxan, Ciproxin||Antibiotic|| || |
Used against a wide range of Gram-negative and some Gram-positive aerobes; some activity against Mycoplasma and Chlamydophila. Active against many ocular pathogens, including Staphylococcus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, although there is increasing resistance amongst staphylococci and streptococci.
Ocular form shown to maintain therapeutic levels in tear film for 6h.
|Cisapride||Propulsid||Prokinetic|| || |
Very effective product in rabbits for GI stasis. Unfortunately, the product has been withdrawn due to potentially fatal cardiac arrhythmias in humans but is solely available to the veterinary profession.
|Clarithromycin||Klaricid||Antibiotic|| || |
Active against Gram-positive cocci (some Staphylococcus spp. resistant), Gram-positive bacilli, some Gram-negative bacilli (e.g. Pasteurella) and some spirochaetes (e.g. Helicobacter). Some strains of Actinomyces, Nocardia, Chlamydophila, Mycoplasma and Rickettsia also inhibited. Most strains of Enterobacteriaceae (Pseudomonas, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella) are resistant.
Used for respiratory tract infections, mild to moderate skin and soft tissue infections, and non-tubercular mycobacterial infections.
|Clindamycin||Antibiotic||DO NOT USE|| Only for local use in abscesses incorporated into AIPMMA beads; should not be used orally. |
Causes 50 to 100% fatal enteritis, dependent on dosage.
| Co-amoxiclav, |
|Clavabactin, Clavaseptin, Clavucil, Clavudale, Combisyn, Kesium, Nisamox, Noroclav, Synulox, Augmentin||Antibiotic||DO NOT USE|
| Colestyramine, |
|Questran||Bile acid sequestrant|| || |
Use to absorb toxins produced in the GI tract following the development of overgrowth of Clostridium.
May cause constipation.
|Dexamethasone||Anti-inflammatory|| ||Rarely indicated in rabbits. Use with caution due to likelihood of debilitating side effects.|
|Diazepam||Diazemuls, Diazepam, Diazepam Rectubes, Valium||Sedative|| ||Not analgesic|
|Diltiazem||Calcium channel blocker|| ||For use in adhesion prevention|
|Diphenhydramine||Antihistamine|| ||Used for torticollis|
|Domperidone||Prokinetic|| ||Similar action to metoclopramide with fewer side effects (Varga, 2013)|
|Doxapram||Respiratory stimulant|| |
|Enalapril||ACE inhibitor|| |
|Enrofloxacin||Baytril, Bayer||Antibiotic|| |
| Enrofloxacin |
|Erythromycin||Antibiotic||DO NOT USE|| DO NOT USE |
|Epoetin alpha|| |
|Fenbendazole||Antihelmintic|| ||Treatment for E. cuniculi.|
|Fentanyl||Durogesic, Fentanyl, Fentora, Sublimaze||Analgesic|| |
|Fentanyl-droperidol||Innovar-Vet||Sedative, Anesthetic|| |
|Fentanyl-fluanisone||Hypnorm, Janssen||Premedication, Analgesic, Anesthetic|| || |
Can be used in combination with midazolam or diazepam (0.5-2 mg/kg) (Varga, 2013)
Provides analgesia to treat abdominal pain that accompanies digestive disorders and gas distension of the viscera. Fentanyl/fluanisone is a good sedative to clean uneaten caecotrophs from the perineum.:321
|Fipronil||DO NOT USE||DO NOT USE|
|Fluid therapy|| |
|Flunixin||Banamine, Flunixamine, Citation, Equileve, Meflosyl Solution||NSAID, Analgesic|| ||Care in hypotensive patients.|
|Furosemide||Diuretic|| ||Indicated for treatment of CHF.|
|Fusidic acid: eye drops||Fucithalmic, Leo|| |
|Fusidic acid ointment||Fuciderm, Leo|| ||Caution as contains steroids|
|Gentamicin||Tiacil, Virbac|| |
|Glucose 5%|| |
|Glycopyrrolate||Premedication|| ||Does not cross blood-brain barrier and cause mydriasis.|
|Imidacloprid|| ||Not effective against mites.|
|Iron dextran|| |
|Ketamine||Ketaset injection, Narketan-10, Vetalar-V||Sedative, Anesthetic|| |
| Ketamine + |
| Ketamine + |
| Ketamine + |
|Ketoprofen||Ketofen||Analgesic|| ||Can be used to soften and lubricate caecal/intestinal contents. (Varga, 2013)|
|Lime sulfur 2.5% solution|| |
|Lincomycin||Antibiotic||DO NOT USE|| DO NOT USE |
Causes 33 to 100% fatal enteritis, dependent on dosage.
|Liquid paraffin|| || |
Softens impacted gastric or caecal contents. Administer with care (preferably mixed with food) as is easily aspirated.
|Lufenuron||Flea treatment|| |
|Marbofloxacin||Antibiotic|| ||Has been used at 10 mg/kg sid for pasteurellosis. (Varga, 2013)|
|Medetomidine||Domitor, Dorbene, Dormilan, Medetor, Sedastart, Sedator, Sededorm||Sedative|| |
|Meloxicam||Metacam||Analgesic|| ||Can be used up to 1.5 mg/kg without accumulation (Varga, 2013)|
| Meperidine, |
|Demerol, Meperidine, Pethidine||Analgesic|| |
|Metaclopramide||Prokinetic|| ||Stimulates gastric emptying and GI motility.:321|
| Methohexital, |
|Metoclopramide||Reglan||Prokinetic|| ||May not be effective in young rabbits. (Varga, 2013)|
|Metronidazole||Antibacterial|| ||Treatment of choice for enterotoxaemia. (Varga, 2013)|
|Miconazole (cream or 2% shampoo)||Antifungal|| |
|Minocycline||Antibiotic||DO NOT USE|| DO NOT USE |
Causes reduction of growth rate.
|Morphine||Duramorph, Morphine, Oramorph||Analgesic|| |
|Naloxone (titrate to effect)|| |
|Nimesulide||NSAID|| || COX2-selective |
For use in prevention of adhesions
|Paracetamol||Analgesic|| || Mild analgesic. |
Can be used in tandem with NSAIDs
|Penicillin||Procaine||Antibiotic|| || Causes acute and/or chronic enteritis (diarrhea) after oral administration. Injection of cephalosporin has proven safe. |
Contain 1000 IU/mg 5-day course for Treponema paraliuscuniculi. (Varga, 2013)
|Penicillin G, benzathine||Antibiotic|| ||Do not administer orally.|
|Penicillin G, procaine||Antibiotic|| ||Treatment for Treponema cuniculi.|
|Penicillamine||Chelating agent|| ||For copper and lead toxicity.|
|Pentazocine||Pentazocine, Talwin||Analgesic|| |
| Pethidine, |
|Demerol, Meperidine, Pethidine||Analgesic|| |
|Phnylpropanolamine|| ||For use in urinay incontinence.|
|Piperazine adipate||Antiparasitic|| |
|Piroxicam||Brexidol, Feldene, Piroxicam||Analgesic|| |
|Polysulfate glycosaminoglycans|| |
|Prednisone||Anti-inflammatory|| ||Few indications in rabbits; use with extreme caution.|
|Prochloperazine|| ||Doses as high as 30 mg/kg tid are used to treat labyrinthine disorders in humans. (Varga, 2013)|
|Pyrethrin products||Antiparasitic||DO NOT USE||DO NOT USE|
|Ranitidine Hcl|| |
|Sodium bicarbonate|| |
|Sodium calcium edetate|| |
|Spectinomycin||Antibiotic||DO NOT USE|| DO NOT USE |
|Spiramycin||Antibiotic||DO NOT USE|| DO NOT USE |
|Theophylline||Bronchodilator|| ||Has dose-dependent effects on the rabbit gastrointestinal tract. (Varga, 2013)|
|Tiletamine-zolazepam||DO NOT USE||DO NOT USE|
|Tilmicosin||Antibiotic||DO NOT USE|| DO NOT USE |
Fatal adverse reaction has been observed. The reaction seems rabbit dependent and it is advised to do a test dose of 5 mg/kg before doubling dosage.
|Trimethoprim sulfadiazine/ sulphadiazine||Antibiotic|| |
|Trimethoprim/ sulfamethoxazole||Antibiotic|| ||'Co-trimoxazole' human formulation available as paediatric syrup.|
|Tropicamide 1% eye drops|| |
|Toltrazuril|| ||Can be used for treatment of rabbit colonies.|
|Tylosin||Antibiotic|| DO NOT USE || DO NOT USE |
|Vancomycin||Antibiotic||DO NOT USE|| DO NOT USE |
Causes acute toxicity with 100% mortality.
|Verapamil|| ||Prevent post-surgical adhesions.|
|Vitamin B complex|| |
|Vitamin K1|| ||Use with caution, anaphylaxis reported.|
|Xylazine||Chanazine, Rompun, Sedaxylan, Virbaxyl, Xylacare, Xylapan||Analgesic|| |
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